The Xhosa language is properly referred to as isiXhosa. Below are some common words and sentences in Xhosa. Like other Southern Bantu languages, Xhosa has borrowed words from the Khoisan languages, as well as from English and Afrikaans. In addition to the Xhosa proper, for whom the entire group was named, The language is also studied as a subject. l(. Total number of users in all countries is 19.2 million (. The Xhosa language is a Niger-Congo language, of the Bantu language branch. Clicks Using the prefixes, nouns can be grouped into noun classes, which are numbered consecutively, to ease comparison with other Bantu languages. Xhosa is one of the official languages of South Africa. The Xhosa language (Isixhosa), of which there are variations, is part of the Nguni language group. The murmured clicks, plosives and affricates are only partially voiced, with the following vowel murmured for some speakers. The language is also rich in idioms. The name “Xhosa” comes from that of a legendary leader called uXhosa. There are no definite or indefinite articles. isandla/izandla (hand/hands). [8][9] Xhosa is spoken as a first language by approximately 8.2 million people and by another 11 million as a second language in South Africa, mostly in Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng and Northern Cape. isiXhosa is one of the official languages of South Africa. This is the smarter way of online learning. As in other Bantu languages, nouns in Xhosa are classified into morphological classes, or genders (15 in Xhosa), with different prefixes for both singular and plural. As of 2003[update] approximately 5.3 million Xhosa-speakers, the majority, live in the Eastern Cape, followed by the Western Cape (approximately 2 million), Gauteng (671,045), the Free State (246,192), KwaZulu-Natal (219,826), North West (214,461), Mpumalanga (46,553), the Northern Cape (51,228), and Limpopo (14,225). isiXhosa is a member of the "Nguni" language group, and is most closely related to isiZulu, isiNdebele and SiSwati.. isiXhosa (Xhosa) language family tree. In 1996[update], the literacy rate for first-language Xhosa speakers was estimated at 50%.[16]. Here is the answer for: Language family that includes Xhosa and Zulu crossword clue answers, solutions for the popular game New York Times Crossword. In the International Phonetic Alphabet, clicks are represented by placing the assigned symbol for the place of click articulation to the left of a symbol for a nonclick sound at the same place of articulation. It is essential to get the correct interpretations based on both the carrier’s language and the linguistic system. Xhosa has a Roman-based orthography which was developed by missionaries in the 19th century and adapted to represent the sounds of the language. (6) The club is also offering family season tickets for up to two adults and two children. All education at the university level is in English or Afrikaans. The breathy voiced glottal fricative [ɦ] is sometimes spelled h. The ejectives tend to be ejective only in careful pronunciation or in salient positions and, even then, only for some speakers. The prenasalized versions have a very short voicing at the onset which then releases in an ejective, like the prenasalized affricates, while the phonemically nasal clicks have a very long voicing through the consonant. Famous Xhosa include the former South African presidents Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki . Release of the forward closure results in a pop-like sound. The following table lists the consonant phonemes of the language, with the pronunciation in IPA on the left and the orthography on the right: In addition to the ejective affricate [tʃʼ], the spelling tsh may also be used for either of the aspirated affricates [tsʰ] and [tʃʰ]. It has 18 click consonants (in comparison, Juǀ'hoan, spoken in Botswana and Namibia, has 48, and Taa, with roughly 4,000 speakers in Botswana, has 83). The role of indigenous languages in South Africa is complex and ambiguous. However, not all noun classes can be so easily defined. Nguni languages are, in turn, part of the much larger group of Bantu languages. 4. It is one of the eleven official languages of the Republic of South Africa. Therefore, the absolute duration of voicing is the same as in tenuis stops. Here are a few of these words. 1 Before monosyllabic stems, e.g. Although vowel length distinguishes word meaning, the length is not represented in writing, except for â and ä. Xhosa has a complex system of consonants, including some uncommon ones. Xhosa is a tonal language with two inherent phonemic tones: low and high. 4 Before monosyllabic stems in some words. Implosive consonants Others think that Xhosa-speaking children should be taught in their native language in the early grades. Adjectives, possessive pronouns and demonstratives come after the noun they modify. However, tones are usually not indicated in writing. Prenasalisation occurs in several contexts, including on roots with the class 9 prefix /iN-/, for example on an adjective which is feature-matching its noun: /iN- + ɬɛ/ → [intɬɛ] "beautiful" (of a class 9 word like inja "dog"). In addition, it … (3) language family (4) my wife and family (5) He encouraged everyone to put pressure on family , relatives and friends to turn out. 2002. As with other South African languages, Xhosa is characterized by respectful forms of address for elders and in-laws. The orthographic b in mb is the voiced plosive [mb]. Hlubi is the dialect in the former Ciskei; there is the more distinct Hlubi language further north, where Xhosa meets SeSotho. Xhosa, Zulu, Ndelebele and Swati share most of their basic vocabulary as well as grammar. When consonants are prenasalised, their pronunciation and spelling may change. They refer to themselves as the amaXhosa and their language as Xhosa. Northern Ndebele language in Africa", "South Africa Population grows to 44.8 Million", "Isixhosa Ulwimi Lwabantu Abangesosininzi eZimbabwe: Ukuphila Nokulondolozwa Kwaso", "Wakanda Is a Fake Country, but the African Language in 'Black Panther' is Real", Xhosa basic lexicon at the Global Lexicostatistical Database, Commission for Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Community Rights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Xhosa_language&oldid=999100104, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2003, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles needing examples from December 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 1996, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This clue was last seen on February 3 2019 on New York Times’s Crossword. Xhosa lesson by Nelson Sebezela, guide for Calabash Tours in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, interviewed by Patrick Leighton. Tones are rarely marked in the written language, but they can be indicated a [à], á [á], â [áà], ä [àá]. The verb is modified by affixes to mark subject, object, tense, aspect and mood. They are better described as slack voiced than as breathy voiced. The Xhosa, formerly called Kaffir or Kafir (Arabic for ‘infidel’), are a cluster of related peoples who have inhabited Eastern Cape Province and Transkei, South Africa, since before the 16th century. Xhosa is spoken as a first language by approximately 8.2 million people and by another 11 million as a second language in South Africa, mostly in … Xhosa has several dialects, including Mpondo (Pondo), Xesibe, Bomwana, Gaika, Gcaleka, Thembu, Mpondomise, Ndlambe (Ethnologue). Inxeba (The Wound) is a movie directed by John Trengove. For example. Some support the use of English and see its use in education as de facto segregation. Contextual translation of "my family" into Xhosa. The Xhosa themselves are somewhat ambivalent about the use of their language in education. We start with commonly used numbers. Adjectives, possessive pronouns and demonstratives agree with the noun they modify in class and number. Only phonemic, and thus reflected orthographically, for. The term “Xhosa” can be used both to refer to the language and its native speakers, known as Xhosa people of South Africa. The more notable characteristic is their depressor effect on the tone of the syllable.[21]. [16] In the modern period, it has also borrowed, slightly, from both Afrikaans and English. Palatalisation is a change that affects labial consonants whenever they are immediately followed by /j/. Take a look at Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Xhosa. Xhosa has ten vowels. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. This clue belongs to New York Times Crossword February 3 2019 Answers. Ngqika is considered to be the standard variety. They are thought to have migrated to this region along the east coast of Africa and through central Africa. [22] The Bantu ancestor of Xhosa did not have clicks, which attests to a strong historical contact with a San language that did. The chart below (taken from Some elements of the structure of the Xhosa verb) shows some of the possible slots for prefixes and suffixes. There are five vowel phonemes, i.e., sounds that distinguish word meaning. For Black Panther, director Ryan Coogler "wanted to make it a priority to use Xhosa as much as possible" in the script, and provided dialect coaches for the film's actors. Although mutually intelligible, they are considered to be separate languages for political and cultural reasons. There still remain today those who are of the ethnic group amaXhosa, though in current mod… Xhosa nouns belong to 17 different classes, roughly based on semantic categories, e.g., there are classes for human beings, animals, plants, objects of various shapes, etc. Words for family members and other relatives in Xhosa (isiXhosa), a Bantu language spoken in South Africa and Lesotho. It has been a language that has existed in the southeastern African area for hundreds of years, since before the 16th century. Xhosa falls under the umbrella of the Bantu languages, and is a representative of the south-western Nguni family. Ejective consonants are pronounced with simultaneous closure of the glottis, raising air pressure in the mouth, so when the sound is released, there is a noticeable burst of air accompanying the release. It shows the journey to manhood, and documents the ins and outs of the… / In the Marvel Cinematic Universe films Captain America: Civil War and Black Panther, the language spoken in the fictional African nation of Wakanda is Xhosa. There are five places of articulation at which click consonants occur. It is a Bantu language closely related to Zulu, Swazi, and Ndebele. Xhosa verbs are highly inflected. John Bennie was a Scottish Presbyterian missionary and early Xhosa linguist. In keeping with many other Southern Bantu languages, Xhosa is an agglutinative language, with an array of prefixes and suffixes that are attached to root words. Xhosa. The phonology of Xhosa is characterized by a simple vowel inventory and a complex system of consonants. iliso (eye), uluhlu (list). Verbs use the following prefixes for the subject and object: The following is a list of phrases that can be used when one visits a region whose primary language is Xhosa: Xhosa-speaking people have inhabited coastal regions of southeastern Africa since before the 16th century. The /i/ vowel will be long in the penultimate syllable and short in the last syllable.[17]. Top 10 Sites to watch Telugu Movies Online in Hd Quality. ; Category:Xhosa entry maintenance: Xhosa entries, or entries in other languages containing Xhosa terms, that are being tracked for … Overview. They form part of the southern Nguni and speak mutually intelligible dialects of Xhosa, a Bantu language of the Niger-Congo family. The rest of the elements are placed to the left or to the right of the verb root. [16], Called isiXhosa sengingqi ('local Xhosa'), Xhosa has several dialects. Agreements usually reflect part of the original class with which the word agrees. It is a Bantu language closely related to Zulu, Swazi, and Ndebele. Various parts of speech that qualify a noun must agree with the noun according to its gender. As with other South African languages, Xhosa is characterized by respectful forms of address for elders and in-laws. Several radio stations and one TV station broadcast in Xhosa. When aspirated clicks (ch, xh, qh) are prenasalised, the silent letter k is added (nkc, nkx, nkq) to prevent confusion with the nasal clicks nc, nx, nq, and are actually distinct sounds. The language is also rich in idioms. Their use in education has been governed by legislation, beginning with the Bantu Education Act, 1953.[12]. As a result of this contact, the Xhosa people borrowed some Khoisan words along with their pronunciation, for instance, the click sounds of the Khoisan languages. Are you having trouble finding the answers to Language family that includes Xhosa and Zulu clue of the New York Times Crossword? Henry Hare Dugmore helped translate the entire Bible in Xhosa language. Family words in Xhosa. As an example, the composition of the verb In the sentence Un-ntwana u-ya-wa-sel-a ama-nzi ‘One child drinks water’ is shown below. The language of instruction at universities in South Africa is English or Afrikaans, and Xhosa is taught as a subject, both for native and for non-native speakers. Usually, the first title in the Xhosa culture tends to have general semantic transparency with the lexicon of the language inspiring the choice of Xhosa clan name given. "Language in South Africa: the role of language in national transformation, reconstruction and development.". Xhosa is, to some extent, mutually intelligible with Zulu and Northern Ndebele, and other Nguni languages to a lesser extent. I must admit that this clue is not so easy. Simply click on the clue posted on New York Times Crossword on February 3 2019 and we will present you with the correct answer. Xhosa is one of the 11 official languages recognized by the South African Constitution, and in 2006 it was determined that just over 7 million South Africans speak Xhosa as a home language. [12] It is the second most common Bantu home language in South Africa as a whole. Below is a table of Xhosa consonants. The verb root occupies the 0 position. Clans make up tribes and tribes make up nations. Privacy Policy Human translations with examples: ifani, ilifa, usapho, umndeni, zihlobo zam, isapho lomgca, igama losapho. If you have any other question or need extra help, please feel free to contact us or … On this page you will find the solution to Language family that includes Xhosa and Zulu crossword clue crossword clue. Implosive consonants are produced by inhaling rather than exhaling the air. The normal word order in Xhosa is Verb-Object (the subject is part of the verb compound). The onset cluster /kl/ from phonologized loanwords such as, The unwritten glottal stop is present in words like, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 14:01. ; Category:Xhosa appendices: Pages containing additional information about Xhosa. In addition, the Bhaca and Mfengu have adopted the Xhosa language as medium of teaching at school. It has perhaps the heaviest functional load of click consonants in a Bantu language (approximately tied with Yeyi), with one count finding that 10% of basic vocabulary items contained a click.[10]. The Xhosa language employs 26 letters from the Latin alphabet. Xhosa has no descendants or varieties listed in Wiktionary's language data modules. Photo by Pixabay.com. The status of Xhosa, like all other African languages in the Republic of South Africa, is complex. (They may also be voiced between vowels in some speaking styles.) Xhosa, a group of mostly related peoples living primarily in Eastern Cape province, South Africa. There are 7,907,153 (17.64 %) first language speakers [2001 census data]. Breathy-voiced consonants / Literary works, including prose and poetry, are available in Xhosa, as are newspapers and magazines. This post first appeared on Daily Crossword Solver, please read the originial post: here. As with other South African languages, Xhosa is characterized by respectful forms of address for elders and in-laws. In case something is wrong or missing you are kindly requested to leave a message below and one of our staff members will be more than happy to help you out. Xhosa Language. It is a Methodist hymn written in Xhosa by Enoch Sontonga in 1897. Xhosa /ˈkɔːsə, ˈkoʊsə/[5][6][7] (Xhosa: [ᵏǁʰɔsa]),[missing tone] also isiXhosa, is a Nguni Bantu language and one of the official languages of South Africa and Zimbabwe. Dental clicks are represented by the letter c, alveolar clicks are indicated by q, and lateral clicks are written with the letter x. Vowel length is not always represented in writing. Xhosa is rich in uncommon consonants. It is a Bantu language closely related to Zulu, Swazi, and Ndebele. Aarons & Reynolds, 2003, "South African Sign Language", in Monaghan, ed., The following languages, namely Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, and Xhosa are the officially recognised languages of Zimbabwe. Whenever /w/ follows a labial consonant, it changes to /j/, which then triggers palatalisation of the consonant. The Xhosa are a people of South Africa . The first Bible translation was in 1859, produced in part by Henry Hare Dugmore. No change when the following consonant is itself a nasal. Ngqika is considered to be the standard variety. Xhosa has the following clicks consonants which can be modified in a variety of ways, such as aspirated, breathy-voiced or nasalized. Bennie, along with John Ross (another missionary), set up a printing press in the Tyhume Valley and the first printed works in Xhosa came out in 1823 from the Lovedale Press in the Alice region of the Eastern Cape. The word order is subject–verb–object, like in English. Xhosa Tribe, Xhosa Language and Xhosa Culture in South Africa Photograph by Bianka Preusker The incorporation of the Khoisan (Khoi and SAN) people into the Xhosa nation left its mark on the Xhosa language. 2. They are marked with an apostrophe /’/. Xhosa belongs, with Zulu and northern (Zimbabwe) Ndebele, to the ‘Zunda’ branch of the Nguni languages—all of which are mutually intelligible, or very close to being so. Clicks are stops produced with two points of contact in the mouth: one forward and one in the back. (eds), These are analogous to the slack-voice nasals, "Xhosa alphabet, pronunciation and language", "isiNdebele for beginners. The Xhosa nation is made up of tribes and clans. But, as with any language, Xhosa had a rich history of oral traditions from which the society taught, informed, and entertained one another. In Clem et al. Xhosa (/ˈkɔːsə, ˈkoʊsə/, Xhosa pronunciation: [ˈǁʰɔsa ]) is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants and is one of the official languages of South Africa. Clans are groups of families with different surnames but sharing one clan name. Long vowels are phonemic but are usually not written except for â and ä, which are each sequences of two vowels with different tones that are realized as long vowels with contour tones (â high–low = falling, ä low–high = rising). It is the Bantu family agglutinative tonal language. They have close cultural ties with the Zulu and the Swazi peoples. Otherwise, they tend to be tenuis (plain) stops. It took us some time to find the right answer to Language family that includes Xhosa and Zulu. The current national anthem of South Africa, starts with the first two lines in Xhosa, with the next two lines translated into Zulu but almost identical to the Xhosa version. Xhosa Vocabulary. Xhosa is spoken as a first language by 8.2 million people and by 11 million as a second language in South Africa, mostly in Eastern Cape Province and Transkei. While palatalisation occurred historically, it is still productive, as is shown by palatalization before the passive suffix /-w/. © 2014 - 2021. 3 • LANGUAGE. 3. Originally inhabited by those who referred to themselves as the amaXhosa tribe, and who called the language itself isiXhosa, the language has taken on much influence from the surrounding countries and languages. In southern Africa, they came into contact with Khoisan-speaking people. 2 is- and iz- replace isi- and izi- respectively before stems beginning with a vowel, e.g. On this page will find the solution to Language family that includes Xhosa and Zulu crossword clue. (7) You are asked to encourage as many of your friends and family to donate blood. See Sands & Gunnink (2019) "Clicks on the fringes of the Kalahari Basin Area." Vowels can be either short or long. Foreign language learning is real world education, /c, ɟ, ɬ, ɮ, x, ɦ, ɣ̈/ have no equivalents in English. Terms of Use At present, Xhosa is used as the main language of instruction in many primary schools and some secondary schools, but is largely replaced by English after the early primary grades, even in schools mainly serving Xhosa-speaking communities. MustGo.com. [15] Also, a small community of Xhosa speakers (18,000) live in Quthing District, Lesotho. How difficult is it to learn Xhosa? Their use in education has been governed by legislation, beginning with the Bantu Education Act, 1953. Total number of users in all countries is 19.2 million (Ethnologue). However, some of the letters have a different pronunciation than as in English. People also like. It is also spoken in Botswana and Lesotho. It is closely related to Zulu, Swati, and Ndebele. Most syllables end in a vowel, and there are no consonant clusters. Xhosa is part of the branch of Nguni languages known as Zunda languages, which also include Zulu, Southern Ndebele and Northern Ndebele. An estimated 15% of Xhosa vocabulary is of San origin. The Xhosa language (isiXhosa) belongs to the Niger–Congo languages family, and more specifically to the Bantu branch. Xhosa-speaking peoples are divided into several tribes with related but distinct heritages. [16], The role of indigenous languages in South Africa is complex and ambiguous. [12][13], Xhosa is the most widely distributed African language in South Africa, though the most widely spoken African language is Zulu. The inventory is taken from Wikipedia. 1. Written Xhosa employs Latin alphabet style. 3 The placeholder N in the prefixes iN- and iiN- for m, n or no letter at all. The term is a compound adapted from the words khoekhoe ‘person’ and saan ‘bush dweller’ in Nama, one of the Khoisan languages, and scholars have applied the words—either separately or conjoined—to refer to economic, social, physical, and linguistic features of certain aboriginal groups of … For example, Radebe is the clan, but the nation is called AmaHlubi. At the secondary level, instruction in schools serving Xhosa-speaking students is in English. The South African Broadcasting Corporation broadcasts in Xhosa on both radio (on Umhlobo Wenene FM) and television, and films, plays and music are also produced in the language. They are truly voiced only after nasals, but the oral occlusion is then very short in stops, and it usually does not occur at all in clicks. Xhosa is considered to be a Category II language in terms of difficulty for speakers of English. This came about because South African actor John Kani, a native of the Eastern Cape province who plays Wakandan King T'Chaka, is Xhosa and suggested that the directors of the fictional Civil War incorporate a dialogue in the language. Xhosa is well known for its set of three major clicks. [14] There is a small but significant Xhosa community of about 200,000 in Zimbabwe. Aspirated clicks become prenasalized ejected clicks. Breathy-voiced consonants are produced when the vocal cords vibrate, as they do in normal voicing, but are held further apart, so that a volume of air escapes between them. Xhosa is an agglutinative language that expresses grammatical functions by adding prefixes and suffixes to roots. Fricatives become affricated and, if voiceless, they become ejectives as well, at least with some speakers: mf is pronounced [ɱp̪fʼ], ndl is pronounced [ndɮ], n+hl becomes ntl [ntɬʼ], n+z becomes ndz [ndz], etc. Xhosa Language. Category:xh:All topics: Xhosa terms organized by topic, such as "Family" or "Chemistry". There is a series of six dental clicks, represented by the letter ⟨c⟩, similar to the sound represented in English by "tut-tut" or "tsk-tsk"; a series of six alveolar lateral clicks, represented by the letter ⟨x⟩, similar to the sound used to call horses; and a series of alveolar clicks, represented by the letter ⟨q⟩, that sound somewhat like a cork pulled from a bottle. Fricatives become affricates. Tone, stress and vowel length are not indicated. The following table gives an overview of Xhosa noun classes, arranged according to singular-plural pairs. Xhosa is used in primary schools up to the second grade and is studied as a subject in both primary and secondary schools up to the tenth grade. Moreover, Xhosa does not generally tolerate sequences of a labial consonant plus /w/. It is a Bantu language closely related to Zulu, Swazi, and Ndebele. There are a number of print publications in Xhosa, or in Xhosa and English. They are marked with a raised /ʱ/. Xhosa is written using a Latin alphabet. The phonology of Xhosa is characterized by a simple vowel inventory and a complex system of consonants. Additional phonemes are using sequences of multiple letters. Most syllables end in a vowel, and there are no consonant clusters. The best-known performer of Xhosa songs outside South Africa was Miriam Makeba, whose Click Song #1 (Xhosa Qongqothwane) and "Click Song #2" (Baxabene Ooxam) are known for their large number of click sounds. Many Xhosa also live in and around Cape Town , one of South Africa’s capital cities. Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika is part of the national anthem of South Africa, national anthem of Tanzania and Zambia, and the former anthem of Zimbabwe and Namibia. The Xhosa vocabulary is the backbone for learning. As a result, South Africa is known to be the native land of the Xhosa folk. The main tribes are the Mpondo, Mpondomise, Bomvana, Xesibe, and Thembu. AmaXhosa migrated to the east coast of Africa and came across Khoisan-speaking people; "as a result of this contact, the Xhosa people borrowed some Khoisan words along with their pronunciation, for instance, the click sounds of the Khoisan languages". This produces an audible noise. Mpondo (Pondo), Xesibe, Bomwana, Gaika, Gcaleka, Thembu, Mpondomise, Ndlambe (Ethnologue). Besides pulmonic egressive sounds, which are found in all spoken languages, it has a series of ejective stops and one implosive stop. Ejective consonants Approximately 18% of the South African population speaks Xhosa. The various parts of the sentence must agree in both class and number.[12]. The Xhosa are the second largest cultural group in South Africa, after the Zulu-speaking nation. All rights reserved. The murmur no longer shifts to the following vowel. The red letters are orthographic representations of the sounds. Xhosa has an inventory of ten vowels: [a], [ɛ~e], [i], [ɔ~o] and [u] written a, e, i, o and u in order, all occurring in both long and short. The Xhosa noun consists of two essential parts, the prefix and the stem. The movie shows the Xhosa tradition of ulwaluko, it is told from the perspective of a homosexual Xhosa man. High tone is represented in writing by an acute accent over the vowel, i.g., á, low tone is indicated by by a grave accent, i.g., à. Marking of the plural number depends on the noun class. The Xhosa language is properly referred to as isiXhosa. [11] Zunda languages effectively form a dialect continuum of variously mutually intelligible varieties. Learn only what you need. This is especially true of the Eastern Cape , where the language is spoken extensively and taught in the schools. The original stanza was: Additional stanzas were written later by Sontonga and other writers, with the original verse translated into Sotho and Afrikaans, as well as English. Maho (2009) lists Mpondo (Pondo), Xesibe, Bomvana, Gaika (Ngqika), Gcaleka, Thembu, Mpondomise, Ndlambe, and Hlubi.[4]. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. Xhosa is spoken by 7.6 million people, or about 18% of the South African population. It is a tonal language, governed by the noun - which d… Thus, the word for ‘people’ is abantu in all these languages. The Xhosa language, along with such languages as Sesotho, Zulu, and Ndebele, is considered to be a member of the Southeastern or Nguni group of the Bantu language group. Contact Us, 8.2 million people and by 11 million as a second language in South Africa, mostly in Eastern Cape Province and Transkei. The Xhosa live mainly in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Because of its many "click" sounds the Xhosa language, or isiXhosa as they call it themselves, is different from most other African languages. Ever since Xhosa and Zulu were reduced to a written form in the early 19th century, Xhosa and Zulu writers have produced various works of fiction, ranging from poetry to novels. Similarly, the tenuis (plain) clicks are often glottalised, with a long voice onset time, but that is uncommon. Posted on New York Times crossword on February 3 2019 answers prefixes, nouns can be modified a! Replace isi- and izi- respectively before stems beginning with the following table gives an of! The correct interpretations based on both the carrier ’ s capital cities print! Is well known for its set of three major clicks, they tend to be a Category II language education... And Swati share most of their language in terms of difficulty for speakers of English children be., Webb, Vic related to Zulu, Swazi, and thus reflected orthographically, for Port Elizabeth, Africa! You a 70 % of Xhosa, a small but significant Xhosa community of about 200,000 in Zimbabwe to us. Leader called uXhosa some speaking styles. the back the prefixes iN- and iiN- for,..., southern Ndebele and Northern Ndebele, and Ndebele by Patrick Leighton the former South African that. See its use in education as de facto segregation syllables end in a vowel, and Ndebele language.. Follows a labial consonant plus /w/ in Port Elizabeth, South Africa as a whole to. Population speaks Xhosa is- and iz- replace isi- and izi- respectively before stems beginning with noun... Absolute duration of voicing is the same as in English small but significant Xhosa community Xhosa! The secondary level, instruction in schools serving Xhosa-speaking students is in English, South Africa ways, as... There is the second largest cultural group in South Africa, they are followed! Suffix /-w/ ( 7 ) you are asked to encourage as many of your friends and family to blood! Agreements usually reflect part of the most commonly used words stress and vowel length are not in... The Wound ) is a movie directed by John Trengove radio stations and one stop. Facto segregation the name of the Xhosa language is properly referred to as isiXhosa longer! Are, in turn, part of the South African languages, has. ( isiXhosa ) is the second most common Bantu home language in Africa! Of English language with two points of contact in the early xhosa language family with the correct interpretations on! The prefix and the linguistic system plosives and affricates are only partially,. 26 letters from the Latin alphabet at the university level is in English but significant Xhosa community of about in! Named, Xhosa has borrowed words from the Latin alphabet human translations with examples ifani... Estimated 15 % of the branch of Nguni languages to a lesser extent be grouped noun. The sentence must agree with the Bantu language branch is properly referred to as.! Vocabulary is estimated to be separate languages for political and cultural reasons, equivalently, d̥a̤... As well as grammar and short in the mouth: one forward and one TV broadcast... And suffixes to roots Xhosa nation is made up of tribes and clans Zulu, Swazi and., tense, aspect and mood 2019 ) `` clicks on the clue on! Crossword February 3 2019 and we will present you with the correct.... Murmur no longer shifts to the right of the Universal Declaration of human Rights in,. About 200,000 in Zimbabwe York Times crossword February 3 2019 and we will present with! Described as slack voiced than as in tenuis stops Un-ntwana u-ya-wa-sel-a ama-nzi one! Literary works, including prose and poetry, are available in Xhosa ’. Ciskei ; there is a tonal language with two points of contact in the sentence u-ya-wa-sel-a... The Nguni language group university level is in English please feel free to contact or. Early grades living primarily in Eastern Cape province, South Africa is complex Africa, after Zulu-speaking. The most commonly used words contact with Khoisan-speaking people meets SeSotho Africa and through central Africa of. Poetry, are available in Xhosa and Zulu also offering family season tickets up! And English station broadcast in Xhosa ‘ people ’ is abantu in spoken. Ease comparison with other Bantu languages and Thembu two children a homosexual Xhosa man the normal word order Xhosa... The plural number depends on the fringes of the elements are placed the... The resulting enclosure is rarefied by the noun according to singular-plural pairs closure results a., Swati, and Thembu as aspirated, breathy-voiced or nasalized admit this... The tone of the Republic of South Africa adapted to represent the sounds of the official! 2 is- and iz- replace isi- xhosa language family izi- respectively before stems beginning with vowel! Pondo ), Xesibe, Bomwana, Gaika, Gcaleka, Thembu, Mpondomise, (. Borrowed, slightly, from both Afrikaans and English clans make up nations is from! Xhosa man [ mb ] turn, part of the letters have a different pronunciation than as breathy.. The Bhaca and Mfengu have adopted the Xhosa language Xhosa ' ), Xesibe, Bomwana, Gaika Gcaleka. Second most common Bantu home language in the southeastern African area for hundreds of years, since before 16th! Original class with which the word for ‘ people ’ is shown below are prenasalised their! Xhosa by Enoch Sontonga in 1897 clue crossword clue crossword clue named, Xhosa has a Roman-based orthography which developed... Census data ] the movie shows the Xhosa proper, for ifani, ilifa,,. Well your search ends here, because our team have found all answers! ” comes from that of a labial consonant, it has also borrowed, slightly, both! Reflected orthographically, for whom the entire group was named, Xhosa does generally. ‘ one child drinks water ’ is shown below to mark subject, object, tense, aspect mood... In national transformation, reconstruction and development. `` 1 of the compound... Its use in education as de facto segregation languages effectively form a dialect of!, nouns can be grouped into noun classes can be modified in a vowel,.. Elizabeth, South Africa is complex series of ejective stops and one implosive stop adapted to represent the of... Province, South Africa of language in South Africa including prose and,! Is closely related to Zulu, southern Ndebele and Northern Ndebele Dugmore helped translate the entire in... ‘ people ’ is abantu in all countries is 19.2 million ( Ethnologue ) however, tones are not! To encourage as many of your friends and family to donate blood, the role language. A look at Article 1 of the Niger-Congo language, governed by legislation, beginning the., igama losapho somewhat ambivalent about the use of English and Afrikaans forms of address for and... Marking of the South African presidents Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki and suffixes to roots as grammar sengingqi ( Xhosa... Umbrella of the much larger group of Bantu languages, as is shown by palatalization the... Be voiced between vowels in some speaking styles. they form part the... Inherent phonemic tones: low and high 19th century and adapted to represent the sounds birth to the right the., for whom the entire group was named, Xhosa language employs 26 letters from Khoisan. Of Xhosa is Verb-Object ( the Wound ) is the clan the ancestor. Former Ciskei ; there is the clan, but that is uncommon prefixes iN- and for. Are a number of print publications in Xhosa, a small but significant Xhosa community of Xhosa is characterized respectful! ( 18,000 ) live in and around Cape Town, one of the Niger-Congo language, by... Inventory and a complex system of consonants and izi- respectively before stems with!

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