From the satisfying groove of a disco or techno beat to a Bach Brandenburg Concerto, musical rhythm has long been tied to our internal rhythm. Europe Emi Classics Baroque … The clarino does not play in the second movement, as is common practice in baroque era concerti. Analysis of the. Craig Hill, Australia’s leading period clarinettist, spoke with the Brandenburg about this beloved concerto. This combination creates a really happy sound. You know what it reminded me of? They are widely regarded as some of the best orchestral compositions of the Baroque era. The first sentence of Bach’s dedication reads: As I had the good fortune a few years ago to be heard by Your Royal Highness, at Your Highness’s commands, and as I noticed then that Your Highness took some pleasure in the little talents which Heaven has given me for Music, and as in taking Leave of Your Royal Highness, Your Highness deigned to honour me with the command to send Your Highness some pieces of my Composition: I have in accordance with Your Highness’s most gracious orders taken the liberty of rendering my most humble duty to Your Royal Highness with the present Concertos, which I have adapted to several instruments; begging Your Highness most humbly not to judge their imperfection with the rigor of that discriminating and sensitive taste, which everyone knows Him to have for musical works, but rather to take into benign Consideration the profound respect and the most humble obedience which I thus attempt to show Him. The third and final movement of Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No.5 is a fast and lively dance. Adagio ma non-troppo, The Brandenburg Concertos: A New Interpretation, classicalnotes.net: Brandenburg Concertos, good-music-guide.com: Brandenburg Concertos, List of recordings, with reviews, from jsbach.org, Johann Sebastian Bach – The six Brandenburg concertos – BVW 1046–1051, the first Czechoslovak recording, Johann Sebastian Bach – The six Brandenburg concertos – BVW 1046–1051, the first Czechoslovak Radio recording. H�\��n�@E���^&��ம On the face of it, introducing two horns to the normal court band of oboes and strings (in Concerto No 1), though unusual, is not completely eccentric (indeed it was soon to become the norm in Haydn's day) until you realise that the music Bach assigns them is set in a different rhythm and with a different thematic content from all the others. The third movement was used as the opening chorus of the cantata Vereinigte Zwietracht der wechselnden Saiten, BWV 207. An earlier version (Sinfonia, BWV 1046a), which does not use the violino piccolo, was used for the opening of the cantata Was mir behagt, ist nur die muntre Jagd, BWV 208. Title on autograph score: Concerto 2doà 1 Tromba, 1 Flauto, 1 Hautbois, 1 Violino, concertati, è 2 Violini, 1 Viola è Violone in Ripieno col Violoncello è Basso per il Cembalo. The only Brandenburg Concerto in four movements, ... As if to avoid fatigue, the insistent 6/8 rhythm is broken by a two-bar adagio at measure 82 (of 120) and then resumes to the rollicking end. endstream endobj 70 0 obj <> endobj 71 0 obj <> endobj 72 0 obj <>stream Title on autograph score: Concerto 5to à une Traversiere, une Violino principale, une Violino è una Viola in ripieno, Violoncello, Violone è Cembalo concertato. Instead, listen to it for its sheer, unmistakable joie de vivre. www.georgvoros.com - Brandenburg Concerto No. Because concerti often move to a minor key in the second movement, concerti that include the instrument in their first movement and are from the period before the valved trumpet was commonly used usually exclude the trumpet from the second movement. Concerto grosso, common type of orchestral music of the Baroque era (c. 1600–c. Songs. Bach, The Brandenburg Consort, Roy Goodman - The Four Orchestral Suites | Suite No 1 In C Major, BWV1066,Ouverture,Courante,Gavotte,Forlane,Menuetto,Bourrée,Passepied,Sinfonia From Cantata 42, BWV42,Suite No 2 In B Minor, BWV1067,Ouverture,Rondeau,Sarabande,Bourrée,Polonaise,Menuet,Badinerie,Sinfoni mp3 download … There has been a controversial debate over what Bach intended the flauti d’echo to be. Start studying J.S Bach Brandenburg Concerto No. The autograph manuscript of the concertos was only rediscovered in the archives of Brandenburg by Siegfried Wilhelm Dehn in 1849; the concertos were first published in the following year. J.S. In the modern era these works have been performed by orchestras with the string parts each played by a number of players, under the batons of, for example, Karl Richter and Herbert von Karajan. 'Brandenburg' Concerto No. Wendy Carlos’s three electronic performances (from Switched-On Bach,Switched-On Brandenburgs, and Switched-On Bach 2000) have second movements that are completely different from each other. O���S8�L��O�g��OG7������Wi\�q��=�����]ob~ɏ ��� Songs. There is also an arrangement for four-hand piano duet by composer Max Reger. Bach Brandenburg Concerto No.5. This concerto makes use of a popular chamber music ensemble of the time (flute, violin, and harpsichord), which Bach used on its own for the middle movement. Questions? Story Story Extra videos Extra videos Credits Credits Surprising. They spring to life and converse in the thrilling drama of the concerto grosso, a popular Baroque form in which groups of solo instruments interact with the full ('grosso') ensemble. Until the second half of the last century it was common to replace the two gambas with cellos but the concer… H��U�r�6��+�̘0� I��8i2�L:� 3=�9��,�����$��ww���S �x���]�jl.������L�]s9��w�s��L����a�6 4 in G - First Movement: The 'motto' rhythm hidden even within the opening bar. The slow movement Andante is a sarabande style in 3/4 in three sections with the recorders eclipsing the violin. The Largo from the Violin Sonata in G, BWV 1019, has also been used. Bach chooses an unusual form and instrumentation. Bach during the Baroque era. Guide the class to use their “hand drums” and say the rhythm with ta’s and ti-ti’s or “ti’s and ti-ka’s or ti–ti-ka. It was a free-for-all, every man for himself. 3 15 days ago for rhythm game osu! Though the time signature is 2/4 (simple duple) the almost continuous presence of triplets makes it feel more like 6/8 (compound duple). "Mozart’s Clarinet Concerto has accompanied me over forty-one years." This pre-production demo of a section from the 4th Movement for my first album 'Bach to … The concerto is well suited throughout to showing off the qualities of a fine harpsichord and the virtuosity of its player, but especially in the lengthy solo cadenza to the first movement. Read about the life and work of JS Bach In Brandenburg Concerto No. s��,����}�`䍜~�2pO�$�'�'�'�'�'�'�'�'�'�Gٗ�/eEeEeEeEe��/E_ʾ})�S���=���g@�({W���]ѻ�wE��� �� �F�����o�7�� �F�����o�7�� �+d�%ί Instrumentation: three violins, three violas, three cellos, and basso continuo (including harpsichord) Duration: About 10 minutes. Johann Sebastian Bach - Brandenburg Concerto 2 Movement 1 Tab. }����%�|^��o��v�?�5���}�+��%e꾉ס��Xu瘕��Z��-��Y����p��T�WcV�y�H_�=ك����yޒ��y~%�&���Q�/�KpA.�����Bp ��ld��������oț��\A�0W�+�� Mozart’s bright and beguiling basset clarinet concerto was the composer’s final instrumental work, which he completed less than two months before his early death at thirty-five. When the work was written in 1721, the viola da gamba was already an old-fashioned instrument: the strong supposition that one viola da gamba part was taken by his employer, Prince Leopold, also points to a likely reason for the concerto’s composition—Leopold wished to join his Kapellmeister playing music. 3 in G major BWV 1048 performed by the Netherlands Bach Society conducted by Shunske Sato Muziekgebouw aan 't IJ, Amsterdam . Brandenburg Concerto No.4 in G First Movement (Allegro) (For Unit 6: Further Musical Understanding) Before turning to the academic study of this movement, let us forget for a moment that it is the first work in an Anthology for examination students. 6. Streaming audio of the complete first, third and fourth concertos performed by the Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra. The soloists take turns presenting the theme in quick succession. The composer was born in Germany in 1685. Analysis of the. On piano only. Concerto No. Affettuoso, Brandenburg Concerto No. The Brandenburg Concertos are classical compositions of J.S. In each of J.S. Bach appreciated Ludwig’s regard in his music compositions, and years later, Bach designated his six concerts to Ludwig, hence the name Brandenburg Concerto. Title on autograph score: Concerto 2do à 1 Tromba, 1 Flauto, 1 Hautbois, 1 Violino, concertati, è 2 Violini, 1 Viola è Violone in Ripieno col Violoncello è Basso per il Cembalo. At the court, he got … At the court, he got … [no tempo indication] (usually performed at Allegro) 2. I can see the attraction, but it's the kind of thing I'd listen to 1 … In the second movement, the violin provides a bass when the concertino group plays unaccompanied. Recommended by The Wall Street Journal. Each Brandenburg Concerto has a different group of instruments performing, but the Sixth Concerto has the most unusual one: there are no violins at all, but two violas, two viola da gamba, cello, violone and harpsichord. It was also chosen as the first to be played on the “golden record”, a phonograph record containing a broad sample of Earth’s common sounds, languages, and music sent into outer space with the two Voyager probes. By upsetting the balance of the musical roles, he would be released from his servitude as Kapellmeister and allowed to seek employ elsewhere. I tried the Concerto Italiano version and a lot of people talked about it's "Italian" approach. The full score was left unused in the Margrave’s library until his death in 1734, when it was sold for 24 groschen (as of 2008, about US$22.00) of silver. Point to each note in succession. One accurate version. The lessons for Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F Major: Movement 1 Rhythm. b��r&�1;�f���v0�[�����&襻�Z�AO�O�i�z�}��s�'i,��.��w��%ei����2�������$} ��֟��s���t��o=��̬V��c��sտTg5�X��k��v�=Ě��ǭW���s��]����5T��I9��ʔO�Z%������� Andante 3. 6 PREVIEW Brandenburg Concerto No. :v(�0�À��@s�9�`4���@s�Yك��L�L�L�L�L�L�L�L�L�L�L�g�E�=({P���Aу�E�=({P���Aу�CF��o��F��o��F��o��F��o��F��o��+�[,��gU0㞕2c�-�������ҏ��k:U��YP��c:�g~���]���_ ��{ 5 in D Major, mvt. Bach’s use of structure and tonality. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In the last movement, the spirit of the gigue underlies everything, as it did in the finale of the fifth concerto. This 1730 suite contains one of the most famous and beautiful movements in the entire Bach canon, the Air on the G String. 3 … The Brandenburg Concerto No. The outer movements use the ritornello form found in many instrumental and vocal works of the time. The Brandenburg Concertos. s��\A�0W�+�� Songsterr Plus. This combination creates a really happy sound. 5 PREVIEW Brandenburg Concerto No. Rhythm is the distribution of musical events over time. This is a concerto grosso. The dedication page Bach wrote for the collection indicates they are Concerts avec plusieurs instruments (Concertos with several instruments). 4 in G - First Movement: Motif No. Display the Stick Notation of Brandenburg Concerto No. Title on autograph score: Concerto 1mo à 2 Corni di Caccia, 3 Hautb: è Bassono, Violino Piccolo concertato, 2 Violini, una Viola col Basso Continuo. The Brandenburg concertos by Johann Sebastian Bach (BWV 1046–1051, original title: Six Concerts à plusieurs instruments) are a collection of six instrumental works presented by Bach to Christian Ludwig, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, in 1721 (though probably composed earlier). The Brandenburg Concertos are one of the greatest musical CVs ever assembled. String Orchestra Analysis by Lydia Burrage-Goodwin 1) Composer Johann Sebastian Bach was born into a musical German family in 1685. This piece is the fifth among the six concertos that he dedicated to the Margrave of Brandenburg, Christian Ludwig. 5 is famous for the use of solo violin, strings, harpsichord, and flute. [citation needed]. They were intended as a job application, but the job did not appear. This piece is the fifth among the six concertos that he dedicated to the Margrave of Brandenburg, Christian Ludwig. 1720/1721. The harpsichord concerto is thus more than a mere transcription. 3: ... Bach’s Orchestral Suite No.3, lavishly orchestrated for its time, highlighting the composer’s mastery of harmony, rhythm and his sense of fun. [1], Instrumentation: two corni da caccia (natural horns), three oboes, bassoon, violino piccolo, two violins, viola, cello, basso continuo Duration : About 22 minutes. 2 in F, first movement by Alan Charlton INTRODUCTION This resource is the first of a series to support the teaching of the three new OCR AS Prescribed Orchestral Scores in Unit G353: Introduction to Historical Study in Music, for examination in June 2016. He began as organist in Arnstadt before becoming the court organist for the Duke of Weimar in 1707. Concertino: clarino (natural trumpet) in F, recorder, oboe, violin, Ripieno: two violins, viola, violone, and basso continuo (including harpsichord) Duration: About 13 minutes. Adagio 3. The absence of violins is unusual. Menu 1. In each of J.S. Modern performance approaches range from simply playing the cadence with minimal ornamentation (treating it as a sort of “musical semicolon”), to inserting movements from other works, to cadenzas varying in length from under a minute to over two minutes. Bach’s use of structure and tonality. �l�Љ�9%�E�M[6�L�.O|MU�L��V�|�C5�0� )>s�Ck�1�Ry��ws���Q��D̆��5!�"F.po����=I�4�� 5Q1tq+#3��(*0[}¾6b�L1V��� ��ON�Y��A�Ca�h��a��Κ�n��ຮ�w]�����,a���m�R�ҥ��W�ƹqX:�N$,O�NbrQ�_����O�4��]����;)�>˭�{!���}��>��vV��u֋��+�䊟k�M�`)��)]�z|���=�GW��tE�v,C@QF�٤׺��~=��y#� �E��Q��?`�'~2��\���*�Aʗ���q����i1���!�����` Comparing different performances of Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 2, thereby providing sight after sound – seeing the way it is notated after having experienced it. Violin Part - Distortion Guitar … 1, BWV 1046.2 (formerly BWV 1046), is the only one in the collection with four movements. 3: ... Bach’s Orchestral Suite No.3, lavishly orchestrated for its time, highlighting the composer’s mastery of harmony, rhythm and his sense of fun. In 1721 Bach dedicated his score – in flowery French – to Christian Ludwig, Margrave of Brandenburg, not in fulfilment of a commission but more as a thinly disguised application for employment at the Margrave’s court. Bach's six Brandenburg Concertos, a new and distinctive cast of musical 'characters' take the stage. C major. The tempo is marked as allegro, or quick. Find a unique gift with Brandenburg Concerto 6 facsimile Because of the presence of the two gambas, it’s not that easy to fit this concerto in a performance given by a usual string orchestra. An earlier version, BWV 1050a, exists, and has many small differences from its later cousin, but no major difference in structure or instrumentation. They have also been performed as chamber music, with one instrument per part, especially by (but not limited to) groups using baroque instruments and (sometimes more, sometimes less) historically informed techniques and practice. As well as taking on most of the solo violin’s role, the harpsichord also takes over some of the recorders’ parts in the andante, plays a basso continuo role at times and occasionally adds a fourth contrapuntal part to an originally three-part texture (something which Bach occasionally did while improvising). Brandenburg Concerto No. Brandenburg Concerto No. Allegro assai Concertino: clarino (natural trumpet) in F, recorder, oboe, violin Ripieno: two violins, viola, violone, and basso continuo (including harpsichord) Duration: About 13 minutes The trumpet part is still considered one of the most difficult in the entire repertoire, a… Title: Brandenburg Concertos 1-6 / Orchestral Suites 1-4 Style: Baroque Released: 1991 Cat#: CHS 764047 2 Country: Europe Label: EMI Classics Size MP3 version: 1166 mb Size FLAC version: 1820 mb Size WMA version: 1641 mb Rating: 4.0 Votes: 516 Genre: Classical. Thank you for visiting Gramophone and making use of our archive of more than 50,000 expert reviews, features, awards and blog articles. Brandenburg 6 … 1. I�!ޒ��sfrd�9y��ؒ-� `!xA^D������[�#;0�v���§`m�ڂ}�utsps993��{9�rtsps����-�K�s>�q�q�q��G�9��M07���M�/�z 5 – 2. Favorites . It is dated ca. Rhythm. Brandenburg Concerto No. In Renaissance and Baroque music, tempo often grew out of divisions of the heartbeat. The first movement can also be found in reworked form as the sinfonia of the cantata Ich liebe den Höchsten von ganzem Gemüte, BWV 174, with the addition of three oboes and two horns. Title on autograph score: Concerto 4ta à Violino Principale, due Fiauti d’Echo, due Violini, una Viola è Violone in Ripieno, Violoncello è Continuo. 1 by J.S. ... (Rhythm) 100% ? Bach - re-arranged by Georg Voros. Ripieno: two violins, viola, cello, violone and basso continuo Duration: About 16 minutes. Allegro Go back Behind the music. Sequential imitation . Bach's six Brandenburg Concertos, a new and distinctive cast of musical 'characters' take the stage. Bach: Brandenburg Concerto #3 analysis Melody Written in contrapuntal style - several melodies playing simultaneously Difficult to distinguish phrases; melodies tend to be lengthy Melodic motive - first three notes of the first movement Combination of leaps and steps in first movement, primarily stepwise motion in the third movement Rhythm An animated version of the Third Concerto on YouTube. Guide students to make connections. Johann Sebastian Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. This concerto is the only one in the collection with four movements. Rhythm Echo Clapping ... Brandenburg Concerto No 2, Movement 1 by Johann Sebastian Bach (1685‐1750) Revision Lesson 4 Dynamics Practice Flashcard sightreading 17 Learn the songs Pourquoi and Great Big House. 39 in E-flat Major (K.543) by W.A. Bach started as an organist before graduating to a court organist in 1707. This is due to its construction, which allows it to play only in major keys. Bach Brandenburg Concerto No.5. 1021” (marked Largo) is substituted for the second movement as it contains an identical ‘Phrygian cadence’ as the closing chords. Bach, Adolf Busch, Busch Chamber Players - Brandenburg Concertos 1-6 / Orchestral Suites 1-4 Album . endstream endobj 73 0 obj <> endobj 74 0 obj <>stream Streaming audio of the complete second, third and sixth concertos performed by the Combattimento Consort Amsterdam. Description by Allen Schrott In 1721, J.S. Scholars have seen in this work the origins of the solo keyboard concerto as it is the first example of a concerto with a solo keyboard part. 4, two recorders and solo violin are the soloists. The recorders usually play in unison (or together), and the violin usually responds or has a conversation with them. Brandenburg Concerto No. Brandenburg Concerto 2 Movement 1 Tab by Johann Sebastian Bach with free online tab player. He also feels that the B-Minor concerto is the, “greatest Baroque composition ever written.” “In the first Brandenburg, we have much character and celebration,” said concertmaster Peter Hanson. The two violas da gamba are silent in the second movement, leaving the texture of a trio sonata for two violas and continuo, although the cello has a decorated version of the continuo bass line. J.S. After clarino skills were lost in the eighteenth century and before the rise of the historically informed performance movement of the late twentieth century, the part was usually played on the valved trumpet. ��W���|j8�K��18����5W�OкM�H�ڮ��bo0�����|E�7S��`:k����K�1x:c�0D�=8$Z|�a�m._o-��S&�?t�-�\�C���le/�/���C� �v�JW�d+\����Z�q��a� endstream endobj 61 0 obj <> endobj 62 0 obj <> endobj 63 0 obj <> endobj 64 0 obj <> endobj 65 0 obj <> endobj 66 0 obj [/ICCBased 100 0 R] endobj 67 0 obj [/ICCBased 95 0 R] endobj 68 0 obj <> endobj 69 0 obj <>stream Brandenburg Concerto No. It is interesting to note that in the ripieno, Bach writes only one violin part, rather than two, as is generally his norm. One accurate version. Other theories speculate[who?] Submit Tab. Bach’s dedication to the Margrave was dated 24 March 1721. 2 may have been one of the last to be written, and it certainly seems like a special-occasion piece. Pulse is what makes music come alive. 5 in D major is scored for flute, solo violin, obbligato harpsichord, and strings. J.S. Viola da braccio means the normal viola, and is used here to distinguish it from the “viola da gamba”. 3 15 days ago for rhythm game osu! Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto #6, first movement Motive or Motif Another term that usually refers to a piece of melody (although it can also refer to a rhythm or a chord progression) is motive or “motif”. Brandenburg Concerto 2 Movement 1 Tab by Johann Sebastian Bach with free online tab player. The Brandenburg Concerto No. Brandenburg concertos, BWV 1046-1051 In March 1721, Bach sent a manuscript from Köthen to Berlin entitled ‘Six concertos with several instruments’ (Six concerts avec plusieurs instruments), dedicated to Christian Ludwig (1677-1734), Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt. 1 in F major, BWV 1046, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Brandenburg_No4-1_BWV1049.ogg, Brandenburg Concerto No. The first movement can also be found as the sinfonia of the cantata Falsche Welt, dir trau ich nicht, BWV 52. that, since the viola da braccio was typically played by a lower socioeconomic class (e.g., servants), the work sought to upend the musical status quo by giving an important role to a “lesser” instrument. Ripieno: violin, viola, cello, violone, (harpsichord) Duration: About 23 minutes. Johann Sebastian Bach wrote his fifth Brandenburg Concerto, BWV 1050.2 (formerly 1050), for harpsichord, flute and violin as soloists, and an orchestral accompaniment consisting of strings and continuo.An early version of the concerto, BWV 1050.1 (formerly 1050a), originated in the late 1710s. In the second movement, … It's a concerto featuring four prominent instruments -- trumpet, recorder, oboe, and violin -- against a foundation of strings and continuo. All of the Brandenburg Concertos are in major (happy) keys. 1750), characterized by contrast between a small group of soloists (soli, concertino, principale) and the full orchestra (tutti, concerto grosso, ripieno). The third movement served as the theme song for William F. Buckley, Jr.’s Firing Line, and has for many years served as the theme for Masterpiece (formerlyMasterpiece Theatre) on PBS. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 4, two recorders and solo violin are the soloists. From the video, the first concerto started with an intense and lively rhythm by the use of two violas. [Allegro] 2. The trumpet part is still considered one of the most difficult in the entire repertoire, and was originally written for a clarino specialist, almost certainly the court trumpeter in Köthen, Johann Ludwig Schreiber. It has a flourish of different notes. Start studying J.S Bach Brandenburg Concerto No. �|^�~��I����v_sX��1�����*��� ��� The two violas start the first movement with a vigorous subject in close canon, and as the movement progresses, the other instruments are gradually drawn into the seemingly uninterrupted steady flow of melodic invention which shows the composer’s mastery of polyphony. J.S. (It may actually have been the first composed, however.) H�\�͊�@�}���݋&��uoA���8� 1)�����^��S'���#I����'wi�f���}��;�k�e��5m=}��?�[5dyZ|zܧx;v�>+K��H���pO��?��,�66ql��{��;=���>�-v�[���5�}����-�|^�rl��vz��5�����+��Kb꾉����Xuט���Z��^�,v��-p��R��Ƭ,p�b��R��٘ ���yżB�2o�w�;�=���� ���`����%��`.����xa����Y�i�0{�=̞f��0o���� �� 0 �� 0 �� 0 �� 0 �� 0 2ء�Ca��� As with Richard Egarr’s Brandenburg Concertos (mentioned below), this gives a relaxed, flexible buoyancy to the music, especially in the Third and Fourth Suites that use trumpets. One accurate version. Bach Brandenburg Concerto No. 1 by J.S. Bach wrote a set of six concertos for the Margrave of Brandenburg as part of a job application. www.georgvoros.com - Brandenburg Concerto No. He was considered as the famous composer of that time. Bach started as an organist before graduating to a court organist in 1707. High-Definition video of Brandenburg Concertos 3 & 4 performed on original instruments by the ensemble Voices of Music, copyright free for use in classrooms, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brandenburg_Concertos, [no tempo indication] (usually performed at, [no tempo indication, alla breve] (usually performed at. The harpsichord is both a concertino and a ripieno instrument: in the concertino passages the part is obbligato; in the ripieno passages it has a figured bass part and plays continuo. Free midi recordings of all concertos by various artists. H�tUKS�0��+r�g�7~$��;{✙=0J[�B_���J�l�)쁢X��>K��]U�ښ�_Q�,*gt�]Q�BW�˻��]U��B=�w�����Q̌��T��΄����tT��w�ĐS.�?>T�I�EV)���6��"F���J����I��y The Brandenburg Concerto No.5 was a piece that John Sebastian composed. Bach Brandenburg Concerto No. The Brandenburg Concertos are one of the greatest musical CVs ever assembled. Instrumentation: two viola da braccio, two viole da gamba, cello, violone, and harpsichord Duration: About 16 minutes. 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