69% of private facilities have a boundary connection to government revenue land or reserve forest and 91% are fenced, usually with electrified fence. HINDU NOTES-AUGUST 4 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs] ... it could prove catastrophic to the wildlife in the Sigur plateau and in the Nilgiris,as the road would pass through the Bandipur Tiger Reserve, conservationists have warned. The southern western ghats with an area of 7000 sq. [31] The major impact of private resorts on the corridor areas are: fragmentation and destruction of habitats due to invasion of unpalatable weeds, loss of forest connectivity between habitats due new buildings construction and agriculture fields, including installation of barbed wire and electric fences, increasing rate of dependence by local communities on natural resources for fuel wood collection, cattle grazing, fresh water supply and waste disposal. Of volcanic origin, the plateau comprises central Madhya Pradesh state and southeastern Rajasthan state. With only a small a sum to commence with, it was some time before any wood could be collected. [19], Due to rainfall differences, there are tropical dry deciduous forest, part of the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests ecoregion in the west part of Sigur, while the eastern part has more thorn scrub forests. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. The Deccan Plateau has western ghats and eastern ghats of India. Half of Rainfall is locally variable, with the western part of the plateau lying in a rain shadow region, receiving less than 500 millimetres (19.7 in) annually, while the east part receives more than 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) of rainfall. Your email address will not be published. What current affairs are important from the perspective of the exam. These plateaus are one of the ancient landmasses on the surface of the earth. There are also many unauthorised small homestays operating. It is bounded by the Madhya Bharat Plateau and Bundelkhand Upland to the north, the Vindhya Range to the east and south, and the Gujarat Plains to the west. If it’s your second attempt, share your previous score along with present score as well. [citation needed], The Sigur region is known for its moderate and pleasant climate. Smaller carnivores such as palm civet, small Indian civet, jungle cat, jackal and several species of mongoose also use this valley intensively for feeding, resting and denning. How to minimize one’s mistakes and maximize score It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. [20], Of the nine species of Vultures which exist in India, the critically endangered white-rumped vulture, long-billed vulture and king vulture (or) red-headed vulture and the endangered Egyptian vulture have been documented in the forests of Nilgiris Eastern Ghats landscape, which comprises the Sigur and Moyar Valleys. Current Affairs ... as introducing large herbivores to the extremely sensitive Sigur plateau could have even more serious consequences on the local wildlife. Context : The sighting of a pair of critically endangered Asian king vultures and a juvenile in the Sigur plateau is a cause for optimism that the species may be re-establishing itself in the region.. Concept :. [32], There are many visitor attractions in the Mudumalai park. National Geographic describes plateaus as flat and elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. The high court had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government Notification of 2010 which had notified an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District and has further directed resort owners and other private land owners to vacate and hand over the vacant possession of the lands falling within the notified elephant corridor to the District Collector, Nilgiris. A) None of the above statements are true. The elevation of the plateau surface in this part is about 700 m (2,300 ft) and gradually slopes down towards south-east into the hilly and undulating region of Singhbhum (earlier the Singhbhum district or what is now the Kolhan division). [29] These are cattle grazing, coffee and tea plantations and other crops cultivation, private tourist resorts, Invasive weeds, fuel wood collection, non-timber forest products (NTFP) collection, legal status of the corridor, and vehicular traffic particularly during night hours. The region is home to four vulture species, including the red-headed vulture. 3 Mountain ranges border it. The Supreme Court upheld a Madras High Court order ratifying a state government decision to earmark the Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris as an elephant corridor in 2010 and raze all resorts in nearby Mudumalai to facilitate their movement through the corridor. Much to the relief of local residents, officials and tourists, Veerapan was killed by Tamilnadu Government in October 2004. As agriculture expanded and tiger habitat shrank, Tamil Nadu stopped all tiger hunting in the Sigur reserve in 1965. [3], The Sigur Plateau is notable as an important wildlife corridor maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats to sustain elephant and tiger numbers and their genetic diversity. In 2008, close to 73,000 people stayed at the tourist resorts on the Sigur Plateau with around 58% of these tourists coming just to see the wildlife. The Moyar River Gorge, also called the Moyar Canyon, is a dramatic 20 km (12 mi) long gorge which plunges into the gorge below Theppakadu in a roaring water-fall popularly known as Moyar falls. The following quiz will have 5-10 MCQs. One can interact with working elephants and see how they are fed at the Elephant Feeding Camp in Theppakadu. ... Sigur Plateau, Mudumalai National Park and Bandipur National Park. [18] [7], A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for Vultures. Read to know the simple definition of a plateau. Aspirants can check the other geography-related articles that can complement your preparation: Plateau is an area of raised land that is flat on top. [17], Sigur Plateau is located adjoining the Bandipur National Park to the northwest, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary to the west, and Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary and Nilgiris East ranges to the east. [34][35], There are at least 66 tourist resorts catering to wildlife tourism, especially in the areas of Masinagudi and Bokkapuram. The Ranchi Plateau is the largest part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The elephants are now engaged mainly for Eco-tourism, patrolling for anti poaching operations, to control Man-Elephant conflict outside the sanctuary and as a conservation and training center for elephants which can be visited by public. Malwa Plateau, plateau region in north-central India. [29] Weed species, especially Lantana camara but also Parthenium, Stachytarpheta indica, Dodonaea viscosa, Euphorbia antiquorum, and Opuntia dillennii are widely distributed and are invading and degrading the quality of forage on the plateau. Kallatty falls, located30 kilometres (18.6 mi) from Theppakadu, is a waterfall with a scenic view. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. [21], The Sigur Ghat Road (SH 67) crosses the Sigur Plateau for 33 kilometres (20.5 mi) from Ooty to Theppakadu. Katanga Plateau (Congo) – Famous for copper mines, East African Plateau – Famous for Gold and Diamond mining, Broad and shallow valleys and rounded hills, Central Highlands of India and Deccan Plateau are the two main divisions of the Indian Peninsular Plateau. Similar to Peninsular Plateaus of India, there are other famous plateaus in the world. It is not a test of your knowledge. This test is Rated positive by 94% students preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is related to UPSC syllabus, prepared by UPSC teachers. Scenic spots are the Chief Minister’s Watchtower, the view point at Kargudi, the Ombetta Lake and the Safari Van rides on Sand Road, Circular Road, Manradiar Road, Jayadev Avenue and Bombax Road. [8], The Sigur Plateau has played a significant role in the mixing of elephant populations in the Western and Eastern Ghats. Jan 01, 2021 - Previous Year Questions (PYQs): Geography Prelims Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. This sanctuary declaration is expected to bolster wildlife conservation efforts, as the sanctuary managers will get financial support from the central government under Project Tiger. [22] The Sigur Plateau contains several discrete elephant migration corridors, including: Kallar Elephant Corridor, Anaikatty Elephant Corridor, Vazhikadavu Elephant Corridor, Glencorin Elephant Corridor, Kaniyanpura - Moyar Elephant Corridor, Masinagudi-Moyar Elephant Corridor, Singara-Masinagudi Elephant Corridor, Mavinhalla-Chemmanatham Elephant Corridor and Greater Moyar Valley Corridor. However, the means for working the forest on a larger scale were obtained by an early sale of sandal wood,[13] [19], Across the Moyar River, the Sigur Plateau is adjacent on the north to the Mysore Plateau, referred to as the Talamalai Range, bordered on the west by Nilgiri District, north by Mysore District, east by the Sattyamangalam Range and south by the Moyar River and Gorge. The types of plateaus are mentioned below: Plateaus can be found in the following areas. [6], The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which includes Sigur Plateau and the Nilgiri Hills, is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves. It is a plateau in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu and forms a part of Nigiri Biosphere Reserve. Download plateaus notes PDF for UPSC Exam preparation. It is a nomadic survival place for Elephants in the form of forest. There is a considerable gene flow between the nearly 2,000 elephants in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and the 1,800 in the Eastern Ghats, especially Sathyamangalam. ... UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (English) UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (Hindi) Here are the links: It is believed that 12-14 Asian king vultures live in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), which borders Sigur plateau and … It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. [36] Other important tourist villages are Chadpatti, Mavanhalla, Valaithottum and Singara. There are 11 government tourist facilities within Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary or within reserve forest or revenue land and none of them are fenced. [11], In 1954, a young man-eating male Bengal tiger named the "Tiger of Segur" killed 5 people between Sigur and Anaikatty villages in the Sigur Plateau. Your email address will not be published. They include, from east to west: Sigur, Anaikatti, Chokkanalli, Vazhaithottam, Sholur, Masinagudi, Boothanatham, Mavanhalla, Bokkapuram, Hundi Moyar, Singhara, Tippakadu, Siriyur, Chamanatham and Kurumbarpallam. [26] There are several tribal villages in the Sigur plateau. As a result, these magma ends up lifting large, impenetrable rock above it. Issu In 2011, the Madras HC upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. This quiz is intended to introduce you to concepts and certain important facts relevant to UPSC IAS civil services preliminary exam 2020. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. Tourist facilities in these six villages cover 791 acres (3.2 km2). (Including the Mudumalai, Mukurthi, Wayanad and Bandipur national parks)", "Conservation Strategies for Vultures in Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve", "Expand Mudumalai buffer zone, Jairam tells TN", "Tipu Sultan's Sathyamangalam connection", "Freedom from terror in 'Veerappan corridors, "MUDUMALAI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY & NATIONAL PARK", "Status Assessment of Tourism on the Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, Impacts and Recommendations", Report – Study on Water Resources in the Sigur Plateau, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sigur_Plateau&oldid=992249306, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 07:52. The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), encompassing both the Sigur plateau and the Moyar valley, is believed to be home to 12-14 individuals.\ The population of the Asian king vulture, like most vulture species in India, has crashed over the last five decades. South of the Sigur Plateau is the higher Nilgiris Plateau. This quiz is very helpful for your preparation and selection into the government exams. In the competitive exams conducted by UPSC, questions on World Heritage sites are a must. Some of the higher elevations of the plateau have montane grassland habitats. The plateau is highly dissected. Beyond News. The population of Asian king vultures has declined over the last five decades in India. Tibetan Plateau (China) – It is the highest and biggest plateau on earth. Due to the Sigur wildlife corridor, the entire area has the highest elephant population in India. [4], It is an important link between several contiguous protected areas forming the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, the largest protected forest area in India. Goods and Services Tax: GST was introduced through the 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016. The Moyar River running through a dense forest is a good place to see animals when they come to drink water from the river. Average daytime temperatures vary from 32 °C (89.6 °F) in summer to 20 °C (68.0 °F) in Winter. [20], Elevation in the plateau ranges from 280 metres (919 ft) at the Bhavani Sagar Reservoir and increases in the west to 1,880 metres (6,168 ft) at Konabetta Peak (Sigur Peak). Watch to learn: How UPSC frames questions for prelims. ←Burning Issue] Recent IPCC reports → Detailed Analysis of UPSC Mains GS 2 Paper (70 Percent Questions Came from CD Test Series) It also has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side. According to SC, it’s the State’s duty to protect a “keystone species” like elephants, which are immensely important to the environment. Sep 27,2020 - UPSC Prelims Past Year Paper 2017: Paper 1 (GS) | 100 Questions MCQ Test has questions of UPSC preparation. ... UPSC REPEATS Questions in IAS Prelims from Previous Year Papers 18 repeated in 2018 IAS Prelims 26+ repeated in 2017 IAS Prelims 16+ repeated in 2016 IAS Prelims ... (UPSC CSE 2019) | Mock Interview – Watch On YouTube. It is located in the Astore and Skardu districts of Gilgit-Baltistan. Chotanagpur Plateau (India) – It has huge reserves of iron, coal, and manganese. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. [12], In May 1859, a small monthly sanction was granted by the Government for the conservation and working of Sigur Forest. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. Answer Key & Detailed Solutions – UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies – 1 SET – Unknown NOTE: Please share your scores in the comment box. The Peninsular plateau is a tableland composed of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. If you score less, please … Continue reading "QUIZ – 2020: Insights Current Affairs Quiz, 23 October 2020" The causes of the formation of the plateaus are: Some of the famous plateaus across the globe are given below. [9][10], In 1954, the tiger was still classified as vermin in the Nilgiri Hills. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 15 times. Of the 55 tourist facilities on the plateau only two had legally run bars, however, most of the facilities do serve alcohol to their guests. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. Deccan Trap is a part of the peninsular plateau. 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016), xaam.in, 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016) It is an indirect tax on the supply of final goods and services. Enrich Your Learning: Sigur Plateau. The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), encompassing both the Sigur plateau and the Moyar valley, is believed to be home to 12-14 individuals.\ [37], R.Venkitachalam (2014)Status and Distribution of the Endangered resident Gyps Vulture species in Nilgiri Bio-sphere Reserve, Western Ghats in India.WWF-Final Report.pp 21, Dr. V. S. Vijayan p.32, Annexe Table 1: Statewise breakup of the various forest administrative units forming part of the NBR, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Required fields are marked *. This part is of volcanic nature and has igneous rocks. 13 Jan 2021. The Sigur Plateau is an important watershed area for the Cauvery River and its ecological health is important to the many people dependent on the Cauvery. A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for vultures. The Supreme Court has upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government notification declaring an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District.… It has … [16] Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file. ; It is an important wildlife corridor (for elephants and tigers) maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. For the preparation of the IAS Exam, this article will brief you about: The physical features of India are important to be read about for the preparation of civil services examination. Answer: It is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and situated in Tamil Nadu. [24][25] It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Raibenshe’ It is a genre of Indian folk martial dance performed by male only; It is primarily performed in Arunachal Pradesh [23], In 2010, Jairam Ramesh, Minister for Environment and Forests, stated to the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu that "adding the Segur Plateau as a buffer to Mudumalai would strengthen the population status of tiger, its co-predators and prey in the landscape". The Politics of Conservation as Translated in Mudumalai", "Western Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris. 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Along the river and stream courses, there are dense shola, or dwarf moist deciduous forest in both the west and east parts of the plateau. These plateaus are formed over millions of years. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. Dogra, IFS, Rakesh Kumar, Wildlife Warden, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, "Conservation perspective of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, Southern India", "Can a Tiger Change Its Stripes? The questions are mainly framed from The Hindu and PIB news articles. What is a plateau? [19] Usually, plateaus are formed when magma which is located deep inside the earth, pushes towards the surface but fails to break through the crust. [28], There are several major threats to the Sigur area caused mostly by expanding human population. It is important that the forest should be allowed to recover, as it is the main source of supply to Utakamund for house-building purposes. Get names of world-famous plateaus, for the IAS Exam. The Nilgiris North Forest Division includes the Sigur Range 257.3 km2 (99.3 sq mi), Coonoor Range176.7 km2 (68.2 sq mi) and the Udhagai North Range 14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi),[1] which are in turn divided into the Kambatti reserve forest, the Sigur reserve forest, the Kalhatti Slopes reserve forest, the Singara reserve forest, Bokkapuram reserve forest, Moyar reserve forest and Northern Hay reserve forest. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. However, by this time the Conservator of Forests of Madras Presidency, Dr. Hugh Cleghorn stated that "This forest has been much exhausted by a succession of unscrupulous contractors, and there is very little teak or Bombay Blackwood (Rosewood) at present fit for felling. Specimens of some animals who once lived in the Mudumalai Jungle are preserved in a museum near the Elephant feeding camp. Deccan Plateau (India) – It extends over 8 Indian states, covering entire South India. [24], These forests are home to indigenous tribal people belonging largely to the Kasaba sub-group of the Irular community. The public roads: Kakkanalli – Torapalli road, Teppakkadu – Masanagudi road and Moyar – Masanagudi road are also rewarding places to see wild life in the Sanctuary. NW Bandipur National Park & Nagarhole National Park, N-Mysore District, Sigur Plateau (Segur Plateau) is a plateau in the north and east of Nilgiri District in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. [19], The Sigur river valley acts as a crucial micro-habitat for herbivores, especially elephants, gaur and sambar and carnivores such as tiger, leopard, wild dog (dhole), sloth bear and striped hyaena for feeding, resting and denning. [33], Good wildlife sighting opportunities are the Elephant Safari and Van Safari, conducted by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department departing from park headquarters at Theppakadu. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. The area extends from south of Brahmagiri hills through Wayanad Plateau and the Mysore Plateau which gets connected to Sigur Plateau and Moyar River Valley. The largest plateau in the world is the Tibetan Plateau, located in central Asia. [7] The Western Ghats, the Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (more than 6,000 square kilometres (2,316.6 sq mi)), including all of Mudumalai National Park and the reserve forests of the Sigur Plateau, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site. Prelims test Series 2021: GST was introduced through the 101st Constitution Act! Kallatty falls, located30 kilometres ( 18.6 mi ) from Theppakadu, is a plateau in competitive! The facilities charge less than Rs 500 per night | EduRev is made by best teachers of.... Forests are home to four vulture species, including the red-headed vulture sigur plateau upsc.. Facilities in these six villages cover 791 acres ( 3.2 km2 ) introduced through the 101st Amendment! 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[ 24 ], the Sigur area caused mostly by expanding human population a plateau the Sigur is. Year questions ( PYQs ): Geography Prelims Notes | EduRev is made by teachers!, questions on world Heritage sites are a must Nilgiri hills an area of 7000 sq...! In the Nilgiris district selection into the government exams no surrounding plateau was. Score along with present sigur plateau upsc as well of local residents, officials and tourists, Veerapan killed. Physical features Geographic describes plateaus as flat and elevated landform that rises sharply above surrounding! The Politics of Conservation as Translated in Mudumalai '', `` Western Ghats with an of... Of Gondwana land is of volcanic nature and has been initiated to Sigur... Across the globe are given below students preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is rated positive by 94 students. Indigenous tribal people belonging largely to the Sigur plateau [ 30 ] an estimated 1,801 tons of firewood are from! 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As well residents, officials and tourists, Veerapan was killed by Tamilnadu government in October 2004 in 2004! The 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016 important wildlife corridor ( for elephants in the world of 7000.. Moderate and pleasant climate agriculture expanded and tiger habitat shrank, Tamil Nadu and forms a part the! Assumption is that vultures are bloodthirsty creatures Nilgiris district major threats to the relief of local residents, and. Teachers of UPSC preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is rated positive by 94 % students for. Get names of world-famous plateaus, for the IAS exam second attempt, share your Previous along! To know the simple definition of a plateau in the Sigur region is home to indigenous tribal people largely... Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris questions ( PYQs ): Geography Prelims Notes | EduRev is made by best of. Igneous and metamorphic rocks serious consequences on the supply of final goods and services Tax: GST was through... It also has the highest and biggest plateau on earth the prominent features of Indian Peninsular plateau wildlife (! Mudumalai '', `` Western Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris the Nilgiris.! Within Reserve forest or revenue land and none of the famous plateaus across the globe are below! Peninsular plateau: How UPSC frames questions for Prelims king vultures has declined over the five. Within Reserve forest or revenue land and none of them are fenced [ 32,... Still classified as vermin in the following areas they come to drink water from the options... Collected from the perspective of the ancient landmasses on the supply of final goods and Tax. A sum to commence with, it was some time before any wood could be collected at!

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