Damming of rivulets on the upstream of Banni grasslands are also responsible for increase of salinity in the Banni grassland. S/he is the first point of contact for any information on RAMBLE, and provides a half-yearly progress report to the RAMBLE Management Committee. Banni Grasslands The Banni grassland is located on the northern border of Bhuj taluka (23° 19‟ 23° 52‟ N latitude and 68° 56‟ to 70° 32‟ E longitude) of Kachchh district in Gujarat State (ref. Soils deposited by the rivers and the wind, made the land of Banni richer enough that is could generate diverse grass species, once reported up to 40 grass species, mostly palatable with saline grass species. Nearest to CEDO is the Banni Grassland where we spent a lot of time. The Banni Grassland. Banni is home to great biological diversity, with over 40 grass species, 275 bird species, reptilian and mammal populations, and domesticated animals, such as the Banni buffalo, Kankrej cow, sheep, goats, horses and the mangrove dwelling Kharai camel alongside the better-known scrub-forest Kachhi camel. Banni grassland supports numerous animal genetic resources like Banni buffalo, Kankrej Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Camel, and horse. The Director is expected to manage the Ramble Maintenance Fund, oversee RAMBLE’s annual budget and assist in fund-raising for RAMBLE. They are currently legally protected under the status as a protected or reserve forest in India. The Director oversees all day-to-day functioning of the field station, including the use of all field station facilities. The breed is maintained mostly by Maldharis under locally adapted typical extensive production system in its breeding tract. A central government Environmental Information System, known as ENVIS, update in 2015 recognised the salt marsh grasslands of Kutch as a distinct grassland type. The Banni region is a grassland situated, at 23019'N to 23052'N to 68056'E to 70032'E, in the district of Kutch in Gujarat, India. Map made with Datawrapper. Over the past year or so, pastoralist institutions have sought to involve the National Green Tribunal in requiring the government to remove these enclosures. Not anymore. Many factors have served to shape Banni over time, including the damming of rivers, the introduction and spread of the invasive. The Banni grasslands is grassland ecosystem on the edge of the desert of marshy salt of Rann of Kutch,spread across an area of 3,847 square kilometres. The region also serves as a breeding ground for the Banni buffalo and the Kankrej cow, sold in many parts of the country. The total area of Banni grassland is about 3847 sq. Banni buffaloes are also known as “Kutchi” or “Kundi”. All researchers are expected to endeavour to ensure no aspect of their research will result in any form of harm – material, emotional or intellectual – to individuals that the researcher will interact with. The Banni Grasslands, located in Kutch, Gujarat, supports the traditional graziers of this region. Fauna of Banni Grassland of Kachchh, Gujarat, India GEER Foundation - Fauna of Chhari Dhandh Wetland and Its Environs GUIDE - Faunal Diversity of Arid Banni Grasslands of Kachchh District, Gujarat Shajeevan, Kachchh - Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) of Maldharis on Animal Health Care in Banni Region, Kachchh, Gujarat Such enclosures are a reflection of a more sedentarized form of pastoralism, but are also responsible for changing the terms on which pastoralists access the Banni as a common property. RAMBLE expects all researchers and visitors to RAMBLE to show respect to persons, animals, and the environment. Apart from being one of the biggest grasslands in the Asian region spanning an area of 2,497 sq km, it … Though there is inherent salinity in the soil, pastoral communities dug up Virdas, shallow well of 9-12ft deep that collects rain water in its soil particle, for livestock and themselves. Banni Grasslands or the Banni Grassland reserve are tucked into the salty flats of the Kutch District in Gujarat. Pastoral lifestyle of the communities not only conserved its rich animal genetic resources but also protected the Banni grassland ecosystem. Where necessary researchers will obtain informed consent and protect  the anonymity and confidentiality of any respondents. Banni is situated in Arid climate, with high temperature in most of time which reached maximum up to 48°C -50°C during May June and winter temperature goes down to 5°C – 8°C during December January. A relatively small portion of the latter are met by researchers and other users who pay for the use of RAMBLE facilities. km of land has been enclosed by pastoralists seeking to grow fodder for their livestock, and castor and cluster beans for the market. Rich in biodiversity and wildlife, the land here was formed from the sediments deposited by the Indus over a thousand years ago. Spanning over 2600 square kilometres, this pasture land has over 30 varieties of grass. Banni grassland in Kachchh district of Gujarat in India is situated at 69024’ E longitude to 23042’ N latitude axis and spread in about 3847 sq km area. The Banni grassland is … In the early 1960s, the Gujarat State Forest Department planted. The Management Committee facilitates the sharing of research outcomes and results with the BPUMS Executive Committee. Many of the Banni’s plant, bird, reptile, and mammal species are threatened. The Management Committee is expected to undertake fund-raising on behalf of RAMBLE and to undertake a half-yearly review of its budget. It has been identified as one of the last remaining habitants of … Fig. 2 Birds of Banni Grassland Birds of Banni Grassland Banni, an unique landscape and flourishing grassland, is endowed with fascinating history, geography, biodiversity, and a rich cultural heritage. The grasslands are sprawled over more than 3500 sq kms and several wildlife species live here, including chinkara, blackbuck, Indian wolf, desert fox and also the Indian Wild Ass. The Banni grassland in Kutch district is a natural, unique and complex ecosystem. The Director is expected to coordinate research by fellows, universities and others and coordinate on all educational and outreach activities. Banni buffaloes are trained to graze on Banni grassland during night and brought to the villages in the morning for milking. This diversity is linked to the range of ecological conditions that characterize the Banni, including a number of seasonal wetlands, periodically high levels of salinity owing to the nearby coast, and the aridity of the Kachchh Desert. Birds are interesting group of animals which are distributed in all major types habitat. A range of partners has generated core funds to meet RAMBLE's capital expenditure costs or have generated research grants that have helped meet annual running costs. Though declared a protected forestmore than half a century ago Gujarat state's forest department has recently p… Banni Grasslands Reserve or Banni grasslands form a belt of arid grassland ecosystem on the outer southern edge of the desert of the marshy salt flats of Rann of Kutch in Kutch District, Gujarat State, India. Primary Causes of Degradation Agriculture & Livestock, Climate Change, Invasive Species (native or non-native pests, pathogens or plants), Urbanization, Transportation & Industry Degradation Description. Even though the grassland facing ecological disturbance, recent recognition of Banni Buffalo as 11th buffalo breed of the country, establishment of dairies, good rainfall in last five years generated hope among the pastoral communities for this livelihood security. Maldharis are spread over 48 hamlets that are organized into 19 Panchayats. Spread across an area of 3,847 square kilometers, Banni Grassland Reseve are currently legally protected under the status as a Protected or Reserve Forest in India. It is still referred to as Asia’s finest natural grassland, but all that’s left in Banni are a few green patches amid parched land. RAMBLE adheres to universal concepts of justice and equity while remaining sensitive to the cultural norms and practices of the localities where the research is carried out. Over the last few years, we have received financial and institutional support from a number of local and international organizations. Formation Banni Breeders’ Association in the region started negotiating with states on the pastoral rights and rights of grazing in Banni grassland under Forest Rights Act 2006. The Management Committee designates a Research Committee to oversee all research at RAMBLE. The mainstay of Banni‟s economy is livestock rearing. All participants in any RAMBLE research will be treated fairly, equitably, and with dignity. This is the Maldhari bio-cultural community protocol. The Banni grasslands spread across 3000 square km in northwest Gujarat’s Kachchh district. Banni region, situated at 23°19’N to 23°52’N to 68°56’E  to 70°32’E, comprises around 3000 sq.km area under Bhuj taluka of Kutch district, is home of Muslim nomadic pastoralists and Meghwal Hindus. Key grasslands, such as Banni, shola grasslands of the Western Ghats and the once-extensive grasslands of the terai region need protection as key biodiversity hotspots in their own right. The case of vanishing grasslands of Banni, Kutch presents some unique insights into how an ecosystem responds to policy decisions. S/he is also expected to oversee the long-term ecological monitoring of the vegetation of the Banni grassland, a core RAMBLE objective, and may also develop his or her own research agenda. Though, in last three decades Banni grassland slowly started losing its original ecosystem due to invasion of prosopis juliflora, a foreign alien species promoted initially by state agencies. The Maldhari, the Banni grassland and the animal genetic resources of Banni are mutually inter-dependent and any adverse impact on one necessarily affects the well-being of the others. km. Banni is one of the large grassland of India invaded by Prosopis juliflora, an alien plant species. The Banni region emerged from the sea as a result of tectonic activities, received soils from the rivers flown from Bhuj mainland and ends in Greater Rann of Kutch. Average Annual rainfall, occurring through Southwest monsoon between June to September, is very low of 317mm with coefficient of variation of 65%. Their rights to graze the Banni are derived from historical rulers of the region who granted these rights in return for a grazing tax. The Banni Grassland is an area of approx. Banni Grasslands Reserve is known for rich wildlife and biodiversity and are spread across an area of 3,847 square kilometres. Banni is home to great biological diversity, with over 40 grass species, 275 bird species, reptilian and mammal populations, and domesticated animals, such as the Banni buffalo, Kankrej cow, sheep, goats, horses and the mangrove dwelling Kharai camel alongside the better-known scrub-forest Kachhi camel. There have been numerous natural wetlands in Banni and the larget one is known as Chhari – Dhandh, a saucer shaped wetland which is recently declared as Conservation Reserve. Banni Grassland Reseve, Bhuj Overview . It is a region that is both socio-culturally unique and ecologically valuable. RAMBLE -- Research and Monitoring in the Banni Landscape -- is an open research platform with the chief mandate of facilitating disciplinary and interdisciplinary research on various aspects of the Banni grassland ecosystem, its pastoral communities, and their interactions with the grassland. If you are interested in supporting us, please contact us at: The management committee appoints and oversees the RAMBLE Director. Today around 80,000 livestock, mostly Banni buffalo and Kankrej cow, graze these grasslands and well over 100,000 litres of milk is sold every day. This grassland acts as breeding and nesting ground for more than 250 bird species, including resident, winter migratory birds. Many scientists, practitioners started working on various ecological, economic aspects will create new knowledge system apart from indigenous technical knowledge of local people, be it on livestock breeding, animal health care, traditional earth technologies, handicraft and traditional water harvesting technologies. It has a rich and long history of migratory pastoralism dating back at least 500 years, and links with a broader geographical landscape that included Sindh and Balochistan in Pakistan, and even Afghanistan. When research involves human participants, it is expected that researchers will respect the autonomy of the individual, show concern for the welfare of participants and act to benefit or promote the well-being of participants. It is essentially a belt of dry grassland with a thriving ecosystem on the edge of the Rann of Kutch. In recent years, close to 100 sq. 1: Grassland Map of Kachchh Other Grassland areas. Purebred animals prevalent in Bhuj, Nakhatrana, Anjar, Bhaahau, Lakhpat, Rapar and Khavda talukas, are heavily size with typical double and vertical coiling of the horn. Maldharis are spread over 48 hamlets that are organized into 19 Panchayats. Owing to the fact that RAMBLE is not a registered body, any complaint will ultimately need to be addressed by the organisation that the affected individual is part of. Banni Grasslands Reserve is a protected forest and one of the last remaining habitats of Cheetah in India. 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