[46], Oklahoma has fifty one state parks,[49] six national parks or protected regions,[50] two national protected forests or grasslands,[51] and a network of wildlife preserves and conservation areas. Cities may choose among aldermanic, mayoral, council-manager, and home-rule charter types of government. Die unterschiedliche Vegetation im Bundesstaat hat Einfluss auf die Tierwelt. Oklahoma hat der offiziellen Schätzung aus dem Jahr 2014 zufolge etwa 3,9 Millionen Einwohner. Cleveland | Gouverneur ist seit Januar 2019 der Republikaner Kevin Stitt; er ist der erste nordamerikanische Ureinwohner, der landesweit zum Gouverneur gewählt wurde. The principal head of government, the Governor is the chief executive of the Oklahoma executive branch, serving as the ex officio Commander-in-chief of the Oklahoma National Guard when not called into Federal use and reserving the power to veto bills passed through the Legislature. Sequoyah | [215] Additionally, an annual art festival is held in the Paseo on Memorial Day Weekend. The Oklahoma judiciary also contains two independent courts: a Court of Impeachment and the Oklahoma Court on the Judiciary. [28] It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Bekannt sind einige Jazz-Zentren und indianische, mexikanische und asiatische Einflüsse. Okmulgee | CityRep is a professional company affording equity points to those performers and technical theatre professionals. Alabama | Clip of = Staatsflagge im Wind, ideal für Ihre Politik- und Wirtschaftsprojekte oder USA-Themen in Ihren Filmen, Videos und Vlogs. The blue field comes from a flag carried by Choctaw soldiers during the civil war. [185], Sixty-seven Native American tribes are represented in Oklahoma,[69] including 39 federally recognized tribes, who are headquartered and have tribal jurisdictional areas in the state. [157], Oklahoma Gas & Electric, commonly referred to as OG&E (NYSE: OGE) operates four base electric power plants in Oklahoma. Rock Song - In 2008, the Oklahoma State Legislature formed a committee and tasked it with honoring the state's rock and roll heritage. [272] The port ships over two million tons of goods annually and is a designated foreign trade zone. Murray | [141] In 2009, the state had 83,700 commercial oil wells churning 65.374 million barrels (10,393,600 m3) of crude oil. Oklahoma's first state flag was a simple red field with a white star in the center. 8.9% of Oklahoma's population was of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin (they may be of any race). 0. Dieses Gebiet ist sehr fruchtbar und gilt als eine der wichtigsten Agrarregionen des Staates. The Oklahoma City Blue, of the NBA G League, relocated to Oklahoma City from Tulsa in 2014, where they were formerly known as the Tulsa 66ers. [50], Der größte Flughafen Oklahomas ist der Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City mit (Stand: 2010) mehr als 3,5 Millionen Passagieren (1,7 Millionen Check-ins) jährlich. [117], The English language has been official in the state of Oklahoma since 2010. Secs . Getty Images bietet exklusive rights-ready und erstklassige lizenzfreie analoge, HD- und 4K-Videos in höchster Qualität. Die Tornados entstehen, wenn heiße Luft aus dem Süden auf kalte Luft aus den nördlich gelegenen Rocky Mountains trifft. In dem Bundesstaat befinden sich zudem die zweitmeisten Förderanlagen. Oklahoma had 598 incorporated places in 2010, including four cities over 100,000 in population and 43 over 10,000. [193] The Oklahoma Mozart Festival in Bartlesville is one of the largest classical music festivals on the southern plains,[194] and Oklahoma City's Festival of the Arts has been named one of the top fine arts festivals in the nation. Every single county in Oklahoma has been won by Republican candidates in presidential elections since 2004. Dewey | The Oklahoma City bombing of April 19, 1995, in which Timothy McVeigh detonated a large, crude explosive device outside the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, killed 168 people, including 19 children. The Medieval Fair of Norman is Oklahoma's "largest weekend event and the third-largest event in Oklahoma, and was selected by Events Media Network as one of the top 100 events in the nation". Soil and water conservation projects markedly changed practices in the state and led to the construction of massive flood control systems and dams; they built hundreds of reservoirs and man-made lakes to supply water for domestic needs and agricultural irrigation. [69] In 1881, four of five major cattle trails on the western frontier traveled through Indian Territory. Two symbols of peace lie across the shield. [267][268] In terms of traffic, R. L. Jones Jr. (Riverside) Airport in Tulsa is the state's busiest airport, with 335,826 takeoffs and landings in 2008. Nach dem Verbot der Sklaverei im Jahre 1865 zogen viele Afroamerikaner in sogenannte All-Black Towns, die heute noch in geringer Zahl existieren.[27]. [18] Im Ackerbau dominiert der Anbau von Weizen und Winterweizen. EVENTS VIEW ALL Give to OSU. [8] Die Durchschnittstemperaturen im wärmsten Gebiet reichen von 7 °C im Januar zu 29 °C im Juli. Massachusetts State Flag, 2ft x 3ft, MA2X3. [citation needed], By the early 20th century, the Greenwood district of Tulsa was one of the most prosperous African-American communities in the United States. This represented that Oklahoma was the 46th state to be admitted to the Union. Maine | [192] The Philbrook Museum of Tulsa is considered one of the top 50 fine art museums in the United States,[191] and the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History in Norman, one of the largest university-based art and history museums in the country, documents the natural history of the region. [101], As of 2005[update] Oklahoma's estimated ancestral makeup was 14.5% German, 13.1% American, 11.8% Irish, 9.6% English, 8.1% African American, and 11.4% Native American (including 7.9% Cherokee)[102] though the percentage of people claiming American Indian as their only race was 8.1%. Die Auswanderung spiegelte sich in einem sehr niedrigen Bevölkerungswachstum, das von 1930 bis 1970 bei lediglich 6,8 Prozent lag, wider. [224] In July 2008, the Seattle SuperSonics relocated to Oklahoma City and began to play at the Ford Center as the Oklahoma City Thunder for the 2008–09 season, becoming the state's first permanent major league franchise. The blue field comes from a flag carried by Choctaw soldiers during the civil war. With a population of 8.6% Native American in the state, it is also worth noting that most Native American precincts vote Democratic in margins exceeded only by African Americans.[286]. Add to Likebox #127117564 - National flag State of Oklahoma on a flagpole in front of blue.. [4], Bei den klimatischen Bedingungen in Oklahoma lässt sich beobachten, dass die durchschnittlichen Regenmengen – aufgrund von Ostwinden, die feuchte Luft aus den Tropen Richtung Festland transportieren, im Westen aber weniger dominant sind[5] – von Ost nach West[6] und die Temperaturen von Süd nach Nord abnehmen. Females made up 50.5% of the population. [258] In 2006, there were more than 500 radio stations in Oklahoma broadcasting with various local or nationally owned networks. According to the National Education Association, teachers in Oklahoma had ranked 49th out of the 50 states in terms of teacher pay in 2016. Twenty-five Native American languages are spoken in Oklahoma,[30] second only to California. [30] Robert S. Kerr, der aus dem Ölgeschäft stammte und von 1943 bis 1946 Gouverneur war, unterstützte den New Deal und nutzt seine Verbindungen in Washington, um für seinen Bundesstaat weitere Mittel zu sichern. The Osage shield is covered by two symbols of peace: the calumet representing Native Americans , and the olive branch representing European Americans. Washington | Oklahoma is between the Great Plains and the Ozark Plateau in the Gulf of Mexico watershed,[39] generally sloping from the high plains of its western boundary to the low wetlands of its southeastern boundary. [19] Vollständig verschwunden sind der Schwarzfußiltis, der Rotwolf, der Wolf und der Braunbär. His accomplice, Terry Nichols, is serving life in prison without parole for helping plan the attack and prepare the explosive. Oklahoma hat eine Fläche von 181.035 km² (20. Both University of Oklahoma and University of Tulsa are Tier 1 institutions, with the University of Oklahoma ranked 68th and the University of Tulsa ranked 86th in the nation. Other religions represented in the state include Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam. [287] Two of the fifty largest cities in the United States are in Oklahoma, Oklahoma City and Tulsa, and sixty-five percent of Oklahomans live within their metropolitan areas, or spheres of economic and social influence defined by the United States Census Bureau as a metropolitan statistical area. [177], The Cherokee Nation instigated a ten-year plan in 2005 that involved growing new speakers of the Cherokee language from childhood as well as speaking it exclusively at home. Lincoln | Wiederholte Dürreperioden und Sandstürme hatten einen Wegzug der Landbevölkerung über die legendäre Route 66 in westliche Bundesstaaten zur Folge. Pottawatomie | [56][57] Darüber hinaus besitzt Oklahoma die fünftgrößten Rohölreserven der USA. Zu den wichtigsten Universitäten in Oklahoma gehören die Oklahoma State University – Stillwater und die University of Oklahoma. The Fair was held first on the south oval of the University of Oklahoma campus and in the third year moved to the Duck Pond in Norman until the Fair became too big and moved to Reaves Park in 2003. It currently stretches from Oklahoma City to Fort Worth, Texas, though lawmakers began seeking funding in early 2007 to connect the Heartland Flyer to Tulsa.[271]. [240], In 2000, Oklahoma ranked 45th in physicians per capita and slightly below the national average in nurses per capita, but was slightly above the national average in hospital beds per 100,000 people and above the national average in net growth of health services over a twelve-year period. Aber auch die Basketballspiele der beiden Schulen erfreuen sich seit jeher großer Beliebtheit. Usually land was open to settlers on a first come first served basis. Also, in southeastern Oklahoma lives the American alligator. By 1890, more than 30 Native American nations and tribes had been concentrated on land within Indian Territory or "Indian Country". [42], The entire state frequently experiences temperatures above 100 °F (38 °C) or below 0 °F (−18 °C),[58] though below-zero temperatures are rare in south-central and southeastern Oklahoma. Die Hauptstadt Oklahomas ist Oklahoma City. Auf den Viehhandel entfielen 5,3 Mrd. Für Rotwild, Otter, Waschbär, Nerz und Grauhörnchen bedeutet der Übergang von Wald- zu Prärielandschaft die westseitige Grenze ihres Verbreitungsgebiets. Wisconsin | US-$ (Platz 11 unter den 50 Bundesstaaten), auf den Markt mit pflanzlichen Produkten vergleichsweise geringe 1,9 Mrd. [243] Oklahoma ranked last among the 50 states in a 2007 study by the Commonwealth Fund on health care performance. [199][203] In 1953 he was featured along with the Oklahoma! [60] Photovoltaikanlagen trugen trotz hoher Sonneneinstrahlung im Westen des Bundesstaates[61] weniger als 0,1 % bei. Utah | Life expectancy for females in Oklahoma between 1980 and 2014 increased by 1.0 years compared to a national average of a 4.0 year increase in life expectancy for females. Bereits nach der Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten 1948 wandten sich die Einwohner Oklahomas vermehrt den Republikanern zu – also noch vor dem Ende des Solid South in anderen Südstaaten. A major producer of natural gas, oil, and agricultural products, Oklahoma relies on an economic base of aviation, energy, telecommunications, and biotechnology. [143], In mid-2011, Oklahoma had a civilian labor force of 1.7 million and non-farm employment fluctuated around 1.5 million. [90] Over a twenty-year period ending in 1950, the state saw its only historical decline in population, dropping 6.9 percent as impoverished families migrated out of the state after the Dust Bowl. Bei einem absoluten Wert von 2,5 Millionen Menschen leben etwa zwei Drittel der Einwohner Oklahomas im urbanen Raum, also in Orten mit einer Bevölkerung von mindestens 2500 Personen. Der New York Times zufolge ist das Tulsa Ballet eines der bekanntesten Ballettensembles in den USA. [29] Oklahoma is on a confluence of three major American cultural regions and historically served as a route for cattle drives, a destination for Southern settlers, and a government-sanctioned territory for Native Americans. [55] Die Interstate 35 verläuft in Nord-Süd-Richtung und schafft Anschluss nach Kansas bzw. [137] Oklahoma's gross domestic product grew from $131.9 billion in 2006 to $147.5 billion in 2010, a jump of 10.6 percent. Democrats are strongest in the eastern part of the state and Little Dixie, as well as the most heavily African American and inner parts of Oklahoma City and Tulsa. Die Interstate 44 beginnt in Nordtexas und führt durch Oklahoma bis nach Missouri. The Oklahoma legislature adopted it in 1911. The Tulsa Port of Catoosa is the one of the United States' most inland international ports, at head of navigation of the McClellan–Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System, which connects barge traffic from Tulsa and Muskogee to the Mississippi River. Nowata | [45][46][48], The state holds populations of white-tailed deer, mule deer, antelope, coyotes, mountain lions, bobcats, elk, and birds such as quail, doves, cardinals, bald eagles, red-tailed hawks, and pheasants. Two of them are coal-fired power plants: one in Muskogee, and the other in Red Rock. Texas | Virginia | With ancient mountain ranges, prairie, mesas, and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains, Cross Timbers, and the U.S. Seminole | [36] Das Oklahoma Mozart Festival in Bartlesville gilt als zentrales Festivals klassischer Musik im amerikanischen Süden. The screen printed Oklahoma State University logos are Officially Licensed and Approved by Oklahoma State University and are viewable from both sides with the opposite side being a reverse image. [288] Between 2000 and 2010, the leading cities in population growth were Blanchard (172.4%), Elgin (78.2%), Jenks (77.0%), Piedmont (56.7%), Bixby (56.6%), and Owasso (56.3%). Die Winter sind kalt und die Sommer heiß. In 2012 the House passed HCR 1024, which would change the state motto from "Labor Omnia Vincit" to "Oklahoma—In God We Trust!" [203] Bond was instrumental in the Oklahoma! Oklahoma State Flag, Ultra Tough, 3ft X 5ft, OKUT3X5. The two state universities, along with Oklahoma City University and the University of Tulsa, rank among the country's best in undergraduate business programs. 1834 wurde das Gebiet zum Indianerterritorium deklariert. Puerto Rico | The Ethnologue sees Cherokee as moribund because the only remaining active users of the language are members of the grandparent generation and older. Harper | Dies änderte sich 2008 mit dem Umzug des Basketballfranchises Seattle SuperSonics nach Oklahoma City. Zur Jahresmitte 2011 gab es in Oklahoma etwa 1,7 Millionen Beschäftigte im zivilen Sektor des Arbeitsmarktes, davon rund 1,5 Millionen außerhalb der Landwirtschaft. [42] On November 11, 1911, the temperature at Oklahoma City reached 83 °F (28 °C) (the record high for that date), then a cold front of unprecedented intensity slammed across the state, causing the temperature to reach 17 °F (−8 °C) (the record low for that date) by midnight. Oklahoma’s first state flag was adopted in 1911. Beaver | US-$ gehandelt. Kansas | state flag of oklahoma - oklahoma state flag stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images waving flag of oklahoma in united states. Size 2ft X 3ft. [13], Die Flora Oklahomas umfasst schätzungsweise 2500 Arten. Insbesondere die Produktion von Rindfleisch hat einen hohen Stellenwert, so ist Oklahoma unter den US-Bundesstaaten der sechstgrößte Produzent von Rindfleisch. This period was known as the Dust Bowl, throughout which areas of Kansas, Texas, New Mexico and northwestern Oklahoma were hampered by long periods of little rainfall, strong winds, and abnormally high temperatures, sending thousands of farmers into poverty and forcing them to relocate to more fertile areas of the western United States. Product Videos. Ohio | The current state flag of Oklahoma, designed by Louise Fluke, was adopted in 1925 (Oklahoma had 13 previous flags). [57] Other sites include the Santa Fe and Trail of Tears national historic trails, the Fort Smith and Washita Battlefield national historic sites, and the Oklahoma City National Memorial. [128], In 2000, there were about 5,000 Jews and 6,000 Muslims, with ten congregations to each group. Das Team tritt seitdem als Oklahoma City Thunder in der NBA an. Opens, the most recent in 2001. Pushmataha | Noch vor 1940 erholte sich die Wirtschaft, da nicht nur Preise landwirtschaftlicher Produkte, sondern auch der Ölpreis anstieg. [40] Contained within the U.S. In Oklahoma, the Confederate flag flew for 22 years on the state Capitol grounds, part of a display of 14 flags that at one time or another flew over the land that would become Oklahoma. Die indianischen Stammesbehörden und der Staat Oklahoma verhandeln nun über eine geteilte Gerichtsbarkeit.[33]. This Ultra Tough US State of Oklahoma Flag ( 3' x 5' ) is the best of the best - designed for extreme conditions. Rhode Island | Amerikanisch-Samoa | Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics—Pew Research Center", "Current Registration Statistics by County", "Minister's book plunges into cultural issues", "LDS Statistics and Church Facts | Total Church Membership", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "States of Incarceration: The Global Context 2018", "Growth of Oklahoma's Prison Population Slows", "An Overview of Oklahoma's Target Industries", "America's Largest Private Companies: Complete List", "The Economic Impact of Oklahoma's Oil & Natural Gas Industry", "American's TUL Maintenance & Engineering Base Sets Goal to Achieve $500 Million in Revenue, Cost Savings By End of 2006", "Oklahoma Oil and Natural Gas: Components and Long-Term Outlook", "Energy Consumption by Source and Total Consumption per Capita, Ranked by State, 2009", "2009 Report on Oil and Natural Gas Activity within the State of Oklahoma", "STACK & SCOOP Overview—Maps—Geology—Counties", "Three of America's Largest Private Companies Call Oklahoma Home", "OG&E Energy, A History of Positive Energy", "Public Elementary and Secondary School Student Enrollment, High School Completions and Staff from the Common Core of Data, School Year 2009–10", "Growth in Oklahoma's State Governments 1992–2002", "Superintendent Garrett announces Oklahoma No. Erst 1967 wurde Oklahoma durch den Obersten Gerichtshof gezwungen, als einer der letzten Staaten der USA das Verbot der Mischehen aufzuheben. [citation needed], Attempts to create an all-Indian state named Oklahoma and a later attempt to create an all-Indian state named Sequoyah failed but the Sequoyah Statehood Convention of 1905 eventually laid the groundwork for the Oklahoma Statehood Convention, which took place two years later. Die Winter sind aber etwas kühler als im südlich gelegenen Durant. [192] The Oklahoma City Ballet and University of Oklahoma's dance program were formed by ballerina Yvonne Chouteau and husband Miguel Terekhov. Tulsa competes in FBS football and other sports in the American Athletic Conference,[230] while Oral Roberts, which does not sponsor football,[231] is a member of the Summit League. [256], The state has two primary newspapers. Latimer | Palmyra-Atoll | Seit den 1990er-Jahren hat auch in Oklahoma eine Tertiärisierung der Gesellschaft stattgefunden, wobei der Staat nicht ganz mit der Entwicklung in den gesamten Vereinigten Staaten mithalten konnte. [165][166] According to a study conducted by the Pell Institute, Oklahoma ranks 48th in college-participation for low-income students. The responsibilities of the Executive branch include submitting the budget, ensuring state laws are enforced, and ensuring peace within the state is preserved.[278]. [93][94], On July 9, 2020, the Supreme Court of the United States determined in McGirt v. Oklahoma that the reservations of the Five Tribes, comprising much of Eastern Oklahoma, were never disestablished by Congress and thus are still "Indian Country" for the purposes of criminal law. [16] Westwärts nimmt sowohl die Länge der Gräser, als auch die Vielfalt der Vegetation insgesamt, ab. Grady | Six of the state's universities were placed in the Princeton Review's list of best 122 regional colleges in 2007,[174] and three made the list of top colleges for best value. Kentucky | It can also be fitted with pole hem and fringe for indoor usage. Über ihn gelangt das Wasser in den Atchafalaya River, von dem aus es in den Golf von Mexiko fließt. [49], Im Bereich der Landwirtschaft übertrifft die Viehzucht den Ackerbau in ihrer Bedeutung bei Weitem. Wagoner | Louisiana | [75] The Cherokee Nation had an internal civil war. The University program was founded in 1962 and was the first fully accredited program of its kind in the United States.[195][196]. [161] Oklahoma spent $7,755 for each student in 2008, and was 47th in the nation in expenditures per student,[160] though its growth of total education expenditures between 1992 and 2002 ranked 22nd. All State Flags. Of these students, 18,892 received a bachelor's degree, 5,386 received a master's degree, and 462 received a first professional degree. [159], With an educational system made up of public school districts and independent private institutions, Oklahoma had 638,817 students enrolled in 1,845 public primary, secondary, and vocational schools in 533 school districts as of 2008[update]. [8] Hier reichen die Temperaturen von 0 °C im Januar zu 25 °C im Juli. [197] Ridge Bond, native of McAlester, Oklahoma,[198] starred in the Broadway and International touring productions of Oklahoma!,[199][200][201][202] playing the role of "Curly McClain" in more than 2,600 performances. Oklahoma is an important producer of natural gas, aircraft, and food. Nachdem sie ab 2008 im Zuge der Weltwirtschaftskrise angestiegen war, ist sie seit 2010 wieder gefallen. Kingmanriff | Jarvisinsel | Oklahoma State Flag Grunge Background – kaufen Sie diese Illustration und finden Sie ähnliche Illustrationen auf Adobe Stock Amerikanische Jungferninseln | The Oklahoman in Oklahoma City ist die auflagenstärkste Zeitung des Bundesstaates und liegt (Stand: 2011) auf Rang 54 der auflagenstärksten Zeitungen der USA. Points to those performers and technical theatre professionals to what was then Indian Territory sind im Allgemeinen heiß und langer! Und indianische, mexikanische und asiatische Einflüsse ] Vollständig verschwunden sind der Schwarzfußiltis, der Canadian, der die,..., Latino, or Spanish origin ( they may be of any race ) is home to a conducted!, four of Five major cattle trails on the judiciary [ 49 ], the best-known proponent of which the! 30 Native American languages are spoken in Oklahoma einzigartig, da nicht nur Preise landwirtschaftlicher Produkte, sondern auch Ölpreis! 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