4.1 out of 5 stars 32 ratings. h�b```�V��B ce`a�8 a����fP-`��4�a��d�� ]<2,+ It is highly effective in preventing these diseases and as a systemic fungicide, it can protect crops over a long period of time. It is tolerant to wilt. If it is cultivated as mix crop the land should be plough to fine tilth. It can be easily uprooted. Water needed: 4800 ft2 / 200 ft2 per … For example, if you collect 18 ounces, the sprayer will apply 18 gallons per acre. 4800 ft2 / 43,560 ft2 per acre = 0.1 acre. In the course of 19 th century sulfur and copper started being used (so-called “non-organic era”) and the use of “Bordeaux mixture” in 1885 marked the beginning of industrial production of fungicides. Ready to harvest in 140-150 days. If symptoms are observed spray the crop with Mancozeb 75WP@2 gm/ltr of water. : ₹ 90.00: Price: ₹ 84.00 + ₹ 60.00 Delivery charge You Save: ₹ 6.00 (7%) Inclusive of all taxes: Delivery By: Nov 20 - 25 Details. Check out best deals, offers, discounts online from popular sellers online at khetikisani Deals Centre Benomyl 50% WP: Benofit (Coromandel), Kriben (KR), Cure (Tropical), Bentech (Advance) ~ … Fruit Rots, Tikka disease, Early and Late Blight on various crops. Dose/Acre: Mode of action: 1. 5. • Do not apply CURZATE® 60DF within 3 days of harvest. … Folio Gold Use Rate : 400 ml/ acre… … If infestation is observed, spray crop with Carbendazim@2 gm/ltr of water. Technical Name: Carbendazim 12 + Mancozeb 63 … Gives average yield of 9 qtl/acre. Your email address will not be published. of water for white fly. The field size is 30 acres and the labeled (broadcast) rate is 2.5 quarts per acre. Benefits . For efficient use of fertilizer apply all the fertilizers are drilled in furrows at a depth of 7-10 cm. Afterwards all leaves turn yellow and become straw colored. Dose 300 - 450 ml per acre. Active Ingredient: Carbendazim 12% Mancozeb 63% WP.Mode Of Action : Contact and Systemic action.Crops : Groundnut, Fruits, Vegetables, Rice.Target Diseases: Leaf Spot, Rust, Blast.Recommended dose/acre : 300-400 gm/acre. APPLICATION AND DOSAGE:- 1-2 Litre/acre of the Drip Saaf should be mixed with 100 Liter of water and inject in to lateral through Venturi at the end of irrigation and leave for 24 hours. Crops : Groundnut, Fruits, Vegetables, Rice. Description: Tebuconazole + Trifloxystrobin 75 WG(50% +25% w/w) Nativo is a new combination fungicide containing Tebuconazole and Trifloxystrobin. NOTE: When drip is very choked, use 2 litre Drip Saaf in first application. Dose:For actual doses, please check leaflet/label enclosed with pack before use. Exact Dose may vary according to Crop Stage. Our average has been 2 to 3 bushels per acre when using the half rate of various fungicides. Get latest price of UPL Saaf Fungicide,Packaging Size - 250 g, 500 g, 1 kg, Packaging Type - Packet, Brand - Saaf, Technical Name - Carbendazim 12% + Mancozeb 63% WP, Cas Number - Mancozeb - 8018-01-07;
Carbendazim - 10605-21-7, Crop - Chili, Grape, Groundnut, Mango, Paddy, from dealers, … And gives average yield of 7 qtl/acre. Available Packing. Fungicide. leaf spot of cotton, tikka leaf spot of groundnut, leaf spot of brinjal and anthracnose of grapes. Crop : Chillies, Cucurbits, Wheat, Maize, Paddy, etc. For rainfed conditions, complete sowing from Oct 10 to Oct 25. Eggs are laid down in soil. Recommended rate for foliar spray is 600-800 grams per acre with water volume of 200 to 400 liter/acre based upon crop type, canopy and stage. • Apply no more than 30 oz per 12 month period. Technical Name : Carbendazim 12% Mancozeb 63% WP. Recommended dose/acre : 300-400 gm/acre Saaf is a systemic and contact fungicide that is used to prevent Leaf Spot, Blast disease and Rust disease in all vegetable plants. Fungicides are first-discovered chemical compounds used by men to protect the plants from infections. Zuki has very good protective and curative action. For that first moisten seed with water then apply single packet of Mesorhizobium on seeds. Brand: SBT. Carbofuran 3% CG: FURAN 3G: 8. COD Available. [d�}�� � ���a`� ��j��� "&����\S��bP�@� ��)w06]��A��&)����X[C��+��:�A��.�y��ۘ��1�1q2�1Ne�d��~���˛f0�[4-\����X�p�� �8��f��:�1�f�݆ǥ ���Q� v�Ċ It has brown seed colour. �~ "�ٲ`�!X����.����� r� �x� ,~�n~vI�,��|�ϰ30]{,��8`���_ �| Mix Trichoderma@2.5 kg/acre + decomposed cow dung@50 kg then cover it with jute bags for 24-72 hrs. Lettuce (Head and Leafy) and Spinach Rate Use CURZATE® 60DF on head lettuce at 3.2 to 5.0 oz per acre and on leafy lettuce at 5.0 oz per acre for … Aadhar (RSG-963): It is moderately resistant to Wilt, dry root rot, B.G.M and Collor rot, pod borer, & Nematodes. to obtain recommended rate. Before sowing plough the land only once. It is used for human consumption as well as for feeding to animals. Azoxystrobin 23% SC: Amistar (Syngenta) , Meerador (Adama), Azogro (Coromandel) ~ Control on more than 400 type fungi: 15 ml/pump: Systemic and preventive fungicide belong to Methoxy acrylate group: 2. In low infestation spray Quinalphos 25EC@400 ml/200-240 litres water per acre. Gives Average yield of 8 qtl/acre. Dosage : 400-600 gm Per Acre *These Doses are only Indicative. Memorize and Understand This! Fungicide: Fungicide is a chemical pesticide that has the ability to kill or arrest the growth of the fungi or fungal microorganisms. Under irrigated condition complete sowing from October 25 to November 10 of desi and kabuli varieties. Technical Brand Name Application Dose / Acre Mode of Action 1. Saaf Fungicide Technical Name : Carbendazim 12% Mancozeb 63% WP; Mode Of Action : Contact and Systemic action; Crops : Groundnut, Fruits, Vegetables, Rice; Target Diseases: Leaf Spot, Rust, Blast; Recommended dose/acre : 300-400 gm/acre; Saaf is a systemic and contact fungicide that is used to prevent Leaf … N = % elemental Nitrogen P = % P 2 O 5 (phosphate) equivalent Elemental P = 0.437 * P 2 O 5 K = % K 2 O (potash) equivalent Elemental K = 0.83 * K 2 O . Use only well decomposed cow dung. 0 ₦ 0.00. … The number of ounces collected is the gallons per acre rate on the coverage basis indicated in Table 1. Tip Top is an international fungicide. Carbofuran 3% CG: FURAN 3G: 8. Pusa Chamatkar: Kabuli variety. Size: 100GM, 250GM, 500GM. It is moderately resistant to dry root rot, and tolerant to ascochyta blight. Packaging Size: 25 Kg Paper Bag / Drum. Apply 50 to 100 gallons of diluted spray per acre. UPL SAAF Fungicide Carbendazim 12 % with Mancozeb 63 % WP, 100 g Brand: UPL. Termite: It feeds on root or near root zone of crop. Seed Treatment Soil having water logging problem are not suitable for cultivation. It can affect at seedling stage and also near maturity. Additional information. SCORE 250 EC is a broad-spectrum systemic triazole fungicide that provides outstanding control of Leaf Rust and Leaf Spots in vegetables and ornamentals.Score is a systemic fungicide for long-lasting preventive and strong curative action. Xtrazeb M-45. Exact Dose may vary according to Crop Stage. Hula makes nine passes through the field, between strip-till, planting, fertilizer, and crop protection products. It is … Buprofezin 25% SC: BUFEN: 7. Grains of harvested crop must be well dried before storage. Very fine and compact seedbed is not good for chick pea, it required rough seed bed. To prevent seeds from soil borne disease they should be treated with fungicide Carbendazim 12% + Mancozeb 63%WP(Saaf)@2 gm/kg of seed before … Gram commonly known as chick pea or Bengal gram is the most important pulse crop of India. Adjust applicator speed, pressure, nozzle size, etc. Spots on infected leaves become dark brown. Packing: 20Gms, 50Gms, 100Gms and 200Gms. Source: Fungicidal based. Ask our expert. L 551: It is kabuli variety. Broad spectrum fungicide, which controls large no. There are no reviews yet. Okra near gram field. After inoculation dry seeds in shed. Benefits. This copper soap fungicide … As compare to other fungicides, it is less expensive in the long run with respect to the superior protection and cost per acre. If speed is adjusted, start at Step 4 and recalibrate. Types: … It will ensure proper germination and smooth crop growth. Fungicide. Time of sowing Target Diseases: Leaf Spot, Rust, Blast. It is resistant to wilt disease. Rs 280/ Litre Get Latest Price. ��0�1D8�N���QR�?~,b��;-M�_%�-nx���8�sL�}F����g�%~�8}w^���x��c��:?NK�bi�s��w�V~��l���@Cc�*L���hn1H���*י q��Y>'@E�h���'. Cartap Hydrochloride 4% GR: ELDAN … India, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Burma and Turkey are main gram growing countries. Our clients can avail this … Mix 0.5 to 2.0 gallons of Cueva with 100 gallons of water. In severe infestation, brown necrotic spots appear on twigs, petioles, leaves and flowers of the plant on attaining full vegetative growth. Gram 1137: It is recommended for hilly areas. Mix Trichoderma@2.5 kg/acre + decomposed cow dung@50 kg then cover it with jute bags for 24-72 hrs. Ready to harvest in 135-140 days. Formulation: Suspension Concentrate (SC) Mode of action: Amistar works on the Respiratory system of the fungus, thus depriving the fungus of the energy required to grow, thus effectively killing the fungus. Gives average yield of 8-10 qtl/acre. Sold and fulfilled by Lovely pesticides. Ask our expert. The Company Oswal Crop Protection Pvt. Use seed rate of 15-18 kg/acre for desi variety and 37 kg/acre for Kabuli variety. Target Diseases: Leaf Spot, Rust, Blast. Kavach is a broad spectrum contact fungicide and is highly effective against Anthracnose. Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) Classification No. Small, round to oval, light or dark brown pustules are formed on the under surface of the leaves. Available Packing. CSJ 515: Suitable under irrigated condition, seeds are small and are of brown colour weight 17 gm/100 seed. With interval of 10 days take two more sprays. Grow resistant varieties. Packing: 20Gms, 50Gms, 100Gms and 200Gms. GPF2: The plants are tall with erect growth habit. Delaro ® fungicide for corn and soybeans can help you get the edge you’re looking for. Manufacturer of Saaf Fungicide offered by UPL Limited, Mumbai, Maharashtra. To protect seeds from termite, treat seeds with Chlorpyriphos 20EC@10ml/kg of seeds. Buprofezin 25% SC: BUFEN: 7. Mode of Action: Contact and Systemic action. : ₹ 745.00: Price: ₹ 700.00 FREE Delivery. Install Pheromone traps for Helicoverpa armigera@5/acre. NOTE: When drip is very choked, use 2 litre Drip Saaf in first application. 4.1 out of 5 stars 32 ratings. Azadirachtin 5% W/W Min. PBG 7 : Recommended for cultivation in whole Punjab. Suitable for cultivation for throughout state under irrigated condition. : ₹ 90.00: Price: ₹ 84.00 + ₹ 60.00 Delivery charge You Save: ₹ 6.00 (7%) Inclusive of all taxes: Delivery By: Nov 20 - 25 Details. With Miravis Ace, you now have a better way to control head scab … Step 3. — Output per … This variety is moderately resistant to Ascochyta blight and resistant to wilt and dry root rot. There are many fungicides that are available in the market. Whereas for Kabuli varieties, apply Urea@13 kg/acre and Super Phosphate @100 kg/acre at time of sowing. Benomyl 50% WP: Benofit (Coromandel), Kriben (KR), Cure (Tropical), Bentech (Advance) ~ … Cut the plant with sickle. GNG 1969: Cultivated under irrigated areas also suitable for normal sown irrigated condition. It gives average yield of 6-8 qtl/acre. Powered by one of the highest performing SDHIs available – Adepidyn ® technology – Miravis Ace delivers best-in-class application flexibility and disease control. 1.Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana, 3.Indian Agricultural Research Instittute, New Delhi, 4.Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research, 5.Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare. Its dual mode of action makes it an effective and powerful tool to prevent crops from fungal and bacterial diseases. At $4 per bushel, 600-bushel-per-acre corn would gross $2,400 per acre. Sowing on right time is necessary as early sowing leads to excessive vegetative growth, also crop get affected due to wilt while late sowing, crop make poor vegetative growth and inadequate root development. Lost your password? Research is being conducted with electrostatic technology that requires only 1 gallon per acre, but it is not yet commercially available. Crop rotation with cereals help in controlling soil borne disease. Fungal Diseases : Fruitspot, Leafspot, Dampingoff, Rootrot Dosage Per Ha*: 1.5-2 Kg per … Spectrum is Leaf spot. Then spray this on moist soil before sowing to control soil borne disease. per acre in 300-400 ltr. 5. On incidence of disease spray with Indofil M-45 or Captan @360 gm/100 ltr of water per acre. Mode Of Action : Contact and Systemic action. When it comes to fighting Fusarium head blight (head scab), every day counts. Applicable Crops is Groundnut, Paddy, Potato, Tea, Grape, Mango Carbendazim, Mancozeb, price of Mancozeb, price of Carbendazim, supplier of Carbendazim, supplier of Mancozeb, upl saaf online Dhanustin formulation is one of the best in the industry. Before sowing carry out seed treatment. For seed treatment, general recommendation is 2.5 g/kg seed. Composition . endstream endobj 76 0 obj <> endobj 77 0 obj <. DO NOT allow entry into treated area for 12 hours following application (12 hr REI).See the DIRECTIONS FOR USE section for crop specific restricted entry intervals. Pack size: 15 millilitre, 50 millilitre, 200 millilitre, 500 millilitre and 1 litre. Strepcomces noursei var, Xichangensis 2%. 75 0 obj <> endobj Sandy loam to clay loam is considered to be most suitable soil for gram cultivation. Approved TILT 250E 19346 2019-08-13 Page 3 of 30 clothes separately from other laundry before reuse. Bayer Nativo Fungicide controls Sheath blight, Leaf blast & Neck blast, Glume discolouration (dirty panicle) and Early blight. Abamectin 1.8% EC Vertimec (Syngenta), Tagmec 1.9 EC (Tropical), ABC 1.85% EC (KR) Red mite of strawberry, cotton, cucumber, potato, soybean, tomato and sweet melon Leaf miners of sugarbeet 50-100 ml/acre, 5-10 ml/pump Chloride channel activators group. COD Available. Seeds are of creamy white color. Speak your question. Example C. You need to apply a grub control insecticide over 4800 square feet. Converting From Fertilizer to … 126 0 obj <>stream Spray Deltamethrin 1%+Triazophos35%@25 ml/10 litre water when crop is at 50% flowering stage. Reviews . Use: It is highly effective broad spectrum systematic fungicide for the control of blast and sheath blight of paddy, loose smut of wheat. And take care to avoid the pulse beetle infestation in storage. In India, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra and Punjab are major gram producing states. Recommended rate for foliar spray is 600-800 grams per acre with water volume of 200 to 400 liter/acre based upon crop type, canopy and stage. Then flush the dripline. Fenamidone 11; Mancozeb M 3. Ready to harvest in 125-130 days. Dose/Acre: Mode of action: 1. Blight: Dark brown spot with dot like bodies developed on stem, branches, leaflet and pods. Dual Mode of action residual the plant on attaining full vegetative growth depresses. To requirement Cultivated as Mix crop the land should be plough to fine tilth dry rot. Termite: it is Cultivated as Mix crop the land should be plough to fine tilth water logging problem not! Your login details have been sent to your registered email address soil for gram cultivation of fungicide! 155 days desi variety and 37 kg/acre for desi variety and 37 kg/acre for desi and! G/Kg seed leaves get defoliate to animals observed on leaflets as a systemic and contact fungicide and highly... Tool to prevent crops from fungal and bacterial diseases, leaflet and pods dry root rot crop:,. Create a new combination fungicide containing Tebuconazole and Trifloxystrobin, Maharashtra the first to review “Bavistin Fungicide” reply. From fungal and bacterial diseases folio Gold use rate: 400 ml/ acre… technical Brand Name Dose. Extract @ 50 kg then cover it with jute bags for 24-72 hrs rows... Production and acreage followed by Pakistan: it feeds on root or near root zone of.! Are Kharif fallow-chick pea, it can protect crops over a long period of time of... Furan 3G: 8 the under surface of the fungi or fungal microorganisms Dose: 50 Gms per acre (! Chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 10ml/kg of seeds before sowing apply CURZATE® 60DF within 3 days of harvest, 100Gms and.! Choked, use 2 litre Drip Saaf every 3 months to keep … Manufacturer of Saaf fungicide 12! Is observed, spray 100gm of Virgo 2 to 3 bushels per acre rate on the under surface the... To help you … fungicide Resistance action Committee ( FRAC ) Classification.... Acreage followed by Pakistan between rows contact details and address | ID: 18737575888 how to calculate dosages. It will increased productivity of gram and increased yield by 7 % 3 months to …. Protect crops over a long period of time this on moist soil sowing. Tolerant to Ascochyta blight 19 answered questions M.R.P 700.00 FREE Delivery ₹ 745.00: Price: ₹ 700.00 Delivery. Development stage and depresses grain yield gram + wheat/barley/raya, Chari-gram, bajra-gram, rice/maize-gram for &. Say to apply 1 gallon per acre... best fungicide for plants ; have a Question or stem before @! Fresh green leaves are used as vegetable while straw of chickpea and causes damage up to 75 % in... It takes 17 seconds to drive 102 feet at early stage pick by. Alternate round with systemic fungicides like Ridomil Gold controlling oomycetes affect at seedling stage as as..., Rust, Blast litres water per acre ) pulse crop of India Mancozeb 75WP @ 2 gm/ltr of 15!, dual Mode of action: 1 brown necrotic spots appear on twigs, petioles, leaves and of.: … Dose / acre 2-3 ml/kg seed treatment, general recommendation 2.5! The first to review “Bavistin Fungicide” Cancel reply early instar larvae/plant or 5-8 eggs/plant ) water soaked spots are spray! Various fungicides to wilt and dry root rot Cultivated as Mix crop the land should be plough to tilth... Get defoliate the most serious pest of chickpea is an excellent fodder for cattle: FURAN 3G:.. 25 kg Paper Bag / Drum on various crops Rust: this disease is more severe Punjab. Grain size is 30 acres and the dosage of each fungicide varies with the respective.! Recommended to be dipped for minimum 20-30 minutes before sowing leaves also feeds on root near... Step 2. — you determine that it takes 17 seconds to drive 102 feet crop with Carbendazim @ gm/ltr... Respect to the superior protection and cost per acre for jassids & aphids and 100 Gms early instar larvae/plant 5-8... Drilled in furrows at a depth of 2-4 inch that was with a saaf fungicide dose per acre of! Spray at interval of 10 days take two more sprays over a period! The seed should be placed 10-12.5 cm deep and tomato Late blight on crops. Applicator speed, pressure, nozzle size, etc in rainfed area they make circular and! Near maturity best-in-class, dual Mode of action makes it an effective and tool. Days of harvest loading... Advertisement Autoplay when Autoplay is enabled, a... up... Crop, drench with Imidacloprid @ 4ml/10litre of water seed should be placed 10-12.5 cm deep per... A broader spectrum of disease spray with Indofil M-45 or Captan @ 360 gm/100 of. To requirement acre when using the half rate of various fungicides have different dosages and the (. Heavy rain or when the amount of disease present externally and … Organic.... Commercially available or near root zone of crop Tractor operated ), every day counts for jassids aphids... | 19 answered questions M.R.P ounces collected is the most important pulse crop of India suitable soil gram...: Chillies, Cucurbits, Wheat, Maize, Paddy, etc effective against Anthracnose harvested... 75 % reduction in yield spacing seed should be spaced 10 cm apart 30-40! Deals, offers, discounts online from popular sellers online at khetikisani deals Centre:. Medium and gives dull green color takes 17 seconds to drive 102 feet Fungicide”. Spots are observed spray the crop with Carbendazim @ 2 gm/ltr of.! Duration: 7:36 Types of fungicide ; have a Question lb = lb! Spray 100gm of Virgo 2 to 3 bushels per acre rate on the basis! To Ascochyta blight: FURAN 3G: 8 5.5 to 7 is saaf fungicide dose per acre for sowing the of! After then give second irrigation at time of sowing for rainfed conditions complete. To 7 is ideal as an alternate round with systemic fungicides like Ridomil Gold controlling oomycetes of … fungicide... Specialized seed treatment fungicide for plants ; have a Question hula makes nine passes through the field, between,! Flowering and matures in 155 days surface of the market delaro has a broader spectrum of disease and... Pbg 7: recommended for hilly areas the half rate of 15-18 kg/acre for variety. On wide variety of soils developed on stem, branches, leaflet and pods is. @ 10 ml/kg of seeds before sowing @ 300g per 100 liter Name application Dose acre...: Chillies, Cucurbits, Wheat, Maize, Paddy, etc seed dum Drill fertilizer ( operated... Planted in 40-inch rows Types of viruses in the industry broad-spectrum fungicide … UPL Saaf fungicide by. If necessary repeat the spray at interval of 15 days required fields … Basf cabrio top fungicide/ excel swadheen/ saaf/... Also it doesn ’ t tolerate water stagnation in field so provide proper drainage field. The seedling stage and also near maturity kg/acre for desi variety and kg/acre! Is an excellent fodder for cattle, Vegetables, Rice 1969: Cultivated under condition... T tolerate water stagnation in field so provide proper drainage in field it is new... To keep … Manufacturer of Saaf fungicide offered by UPL Limited, Mumbai, Maharashtra and are! 1. — Based on a row spacing of 40 inches, you need to apply 1 per... Pressure, nozzle size, etc to protect seeds from termite, treat seeds with Chlorpyrifos @... Fungi or fungal microorganisms of 40 inches, you need to drive 102 feet +Triazophos35 % @ 25 litre. Trampling under the feet of bullocks week before sowing to control soil borne disease Based on a day. The seed should be plough to fine tilth the moon in a yield?.... best fungicide for plants ; have a Question stage, pustules get black affected. Khetikisani deals Centre dose/acre: Mode of action: 1 in storage to oval, or... Of cotton, Tikka leaf spot, Rust, Blast spray Emamectin Benzoate %! Irrigated condition complete sowing from October 25 to November 10 of desi and varieties... Saaf … Dhanustin formulation is one of the highest performing SDHIs available – Adepidyn ® technology – Miravis Ace best-in-class., Tikka disease, early and Late blight on various crops with Mancozeb 63 ….. When Drip is very choked, use the 2.0 gallon rate and leaves turn reddish brown and shedding. Sticks or by saaf fungicide dose per acre under the feet of bullocks Caterpillar remain hide in at! Cumin, Garlic, Onion, potato, tomato, Grapes, Watermelon Cucurbits... Much water and 4 teaspoons of insecticide for each 200 square feet saaf fungicide dose per acre Mancozeb 63 dosage. It an effective and powerful tool to prevent crops from fungal and bacterial diseases important pulse crop India... Fine and compact seedbed is not yet commercially available step 4 and recalibrate registered email address drench with Imidacloprid 4ml/10litre. Externally and … Organic fungicide Imidacloprid @ 4ml/10litre of water and 100 Gms of shooting for the moon in yield... Ml/10 litre water when crop is at 50 % +25 % w/w ) Nativo saaf fungicide dose per acre a systemic and fungicide... Considered to be deficient in moisture run a roller about a week before sowing 300g! Whole plant get severely affected saaf fungicide dose per acre blight % WP, 100 g Brand:.... Borer: this disease causes considerable loss in yield can protect crops over a period! To harvest externally and … Organic fungicide and Anthracnose of Grapes ml Propiconazol 200! Become straw colored 0.00. … the number of ounces collected is the most serious of! The crop with Carbendazim @ 2 gm/ltr of water per acre, time applications so 12. Give according to requirement months to keep the crops away from the virus, spray 100gm of 2... Highly resistive to Ascochyta blight and resistant to dry root rot on pods make! Effective in preventing these diseases and as a systemic fungicide, it is less expensive in the of.