Only General Robert E. Lee occupies a higher place in the Confederate pantheon.”. "So much of this is the interpretation of other people who are speaking for them. The VMI Archives holds a significant collection of the personal papers of Civil War General Stonewall Jackson. Grace Abele is the site director of the Stonewall Jackson House. Overnight, Baltimore has seen fit to take this action. Abele reads from a recipe for buckwheat cakes: "One quart flour, one teaspoon salt, one pint of milk...", The recipe is credited to one “Aunt Amy.” Aunt Amy was a slave. “Interspersed are anecdotes and stories by and from former slaves and their families, as well as free blacks, all pointing to the fact that Jackson not only broadened their literary knowledge, but also worked to save their souls,” reported The Times. There's no evidence that Jackson taught his slaves or anyone else's slave to read and write. The family letter continued, “We have learned about his reluctance to fight and his teaching of Sunday School to enslaved peoples in Lexington, Virginia, a potentially criminal activity at the time. What about Jackson’s horse, Little Sorrel? The “Unite the Right Rally” that drew Nazis and white supremacists to Charlottesville in the first place had focused on the planned removal of a Robert E. Lee statue in that city’s park. The president also criticized Lindsey Graham on Twitter for saying he had made a moral equivalency between Nazis and other protesters. But almost nothing was known about the slaves he and his family owned. Stonewall Jackson Quotes On Slavery. Jessie Knadler looks at how the issues that spilled over into violence in Charlottesville last month have been playing out in Lexington for years. Did his family? Jackson was mortally wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville. We found that George was on a school committee there for an African American school and we knew that Jackson taught them to read which was dicey under Virginia law and we saw the legacy of that. Hetty would have been more of a maid in the house," Abele explains. Dealing With A Confederate Past is Nothing New to Lexington, Building A Road Map For Teaching About Slavery. Did he own slaves? Cities across the country are grappling with removing Confederate symbols. Although the protests in Charlottesville, Virginia focused on planned removal of a Robert E. Lee statue, attention has also shifted to monuments and roads named after the Confederate General Stonewall Jackson. We have learned how thoughtful and loving he was toward his family. Albert, Amy, and Emma were purchased by Jackson. Jackson purchased the sixth slave, a small child named Emma, as a gift for his wife. “During the war, Jackson occasionally sent money back home to support the black Sunday school class he had established.”. According to History.net, Stonewall Jackson “won his nickname at the Battle of First Bull Run (First Manassas), but it was his actions at Harpers Ferry in 1861, his 1862 Shenandoah Valley Campaign, and the flanking maneuver at the Battle of Chancellorsville that made him a military legend. "We knew virtually nothing about them after the war," Spurgeon admits. At one point, he purchased a small child as a gift for his wife, the institute said. Like so much of the story of slavery, no one really knows if that sentence is accurate. He was frequently called the most brilliant strategist in the Confederate Army. She was described as elderly but just in her 40's," Abele explains, "and she was the cook here in the house. The Trump remarks were somewhat a reiteration of the comments that the president made before in a dramatic and much-discussed press conference in which he defended his decision to condemn violence on “many sides” in the initial response to the Charlottesville car ramming attack that killed paralegal Heather Heyer, a counter protester. I think Jackson purchasing Albert and Amy and accepting the orphan Emma was an act of kindness and stewardship. Trump did not specifically use the word Confederate in his tweet, but it came amidst news of more Confederate statues and monuments coming down throughout the U.S., making it clear what he meant. It wasn’t legal in Virginia at that time to teach slaves to read and write, but Jackson defied that dictum. ), In that press conference, Trump also broached the fact that George Washington and Thomas Jefferson owned slaves, and there are monuments to them. The Confederate General Stonewall Jackson did own slaves, and members of his family did too. The great-great grandsons wrote that they preferred to honor their ancestor Laura Jackson Arnold. I hear it more and more," Abele says. It read: "George Jackson, colored, died last week in his home in East Lincoln. He was one of the few remaining ex slaves of this section. It will provide more room to display the new research and expand the stories about Jackson’s slaves. Even Robert V. Remini, who was widely regarded as the preeminent Jackson-era historian prior to his death in 2013, fell victim to perpetuating Hannah’s image. Yet, regardless of the affection he may have shown toward enslaved people, and as politically ambivalent as he may have been about slavery, Jackson fully participated in a larger initiative intended not to end or undermine slavery, but to make slavery … "She actually was purchased with the intention of being raised and trained as a personal attendant to Anna. And for most of the museum’s history, these people were relegated more or less to prop status in the house. The three of them took Jackson’s last name, a common practice back then. So foolish! Jackson “broke the prevailing law of Virginia to conduct a weekly Colored Sabbath School, where slaves were taught to read and write while also being brought to a personal knowledge of the Christ of Jackson’s heart and soul,” reported The Washington Times. Stonewall Jackson wasn’t killed by a Union bullet. Are we going to take down his statue? Getty Stonewall Jackson was the most compelling figure of the Civil War. In 1906, long after Jackson’s death, Reverend L. L. Downing, whose parents had been among the slaves in Jackson’s Sunday school, raised money to have a memorial window dedicated to him in the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church of Roanoke, Virginia—likely making ‘Stonewall’ the only Confederate general to have a memorial in an African American church.”, The Christian Science Monitor reports that Jackson faced some scorn for this. In 1855, he was instrumental in the organization of Sunday School classes for blacks at the Presbyterian Church. Stonewall Jackson Quotes about Slavery and Secession are very tearful, as he has described the bitterness of the society towards the poor people and making them slaves. He had slaves when he grew up, his uncles had slaves and he had slaves of his own, but he acquired three to help them avoid worse fates.”. Was George Washington a slave owner? History.net reports that Jackson “was sent to live with his uncle Cummings Jackson, who operated a gristmill and sawmill.”, According to The Christian Science Monitor, “Jackson came from what is now West Virginia, a part of the country where slavery was not really very common. Thomas Jonathan Jackson (1824 - 1863), Confederate general in the American Civil War, also known as Stonewall Jackson. He was orphaned very young and raised by his Uncle Cummins Edward Jackson. “Even though it was against the law for slaves to be educated at that time, Jackson taught slaves to read so they could study the Bible, thus risking arrest for himself and the slaves,” reported Know Southern History. And perhaps nowhere is Confederate past and present more intertwined than in Lexington. Thomas Jonathan Jackson (1824–1863) was a leading Confederate general of the American Civil War. We knew virtually nothing about them after the war. “Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson will be removed from the CUNY hall of great Americans because New York stands against racism,” New York Governor Andrew Cuomo tweeted. For the first time in 100 years, Virginia won't celebrate Lee-Jackson Day. But Thomas Jonathan Jackson was a much more complicated man. Like many Southerners, Jackson struggled with his feelings about the institution of slavery, but it obviously was God’s will that it exist—a belief widely held in the South. For more than 150 years they were known only by first names, and through brief anecdotes. "We don’t have any record of him after that at all. They want to hear those stories.". You….. — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 17, 2017, …can't change history, but you can learn from it. "George and Cyrus would have done a lot of the heavy work—chopping wood, bringing water. He defied all the laws of the South by educating his slaves. In an early morning tweet on August 17, Trump called removing “beautiful” Confederate monuments and statues “foolish.”. Publicity seeking Lindsey Graham falsely stated that I said there is moral equivalency between the KKK, neo-Nazis & white supremacists……. When the war began the record is unclear as to whether he leased them out or sold them, but there is no evidence that he freed them. He did teach a Sunday school for free blacks and slaves to expose them to the Bible and hymns but teaching reading and writing wasn't part of it. The Stonewall Jackson House in Lexington is undergoing a $700,000 renovation and expansion. Good. The Stonewall Jackson House in Lexington is undergoing a $700,000 renovation and expansion. When T.J. Jackson moved to Lexington, Virginia to teach at VMI, he joined a church. “There’s even a church near Roanoke with a stained-glass window portrait of Jackson put up by one of his students in the Sunday school.”, Stonewall Jackson descendant Jack Christian calls for removing all Confederate statues in public display: "The time is long overdue" #DNlive pic.twitter.com/KHsxAYd9sc, — Democracy Now! Stonewall Jackson would later have a total of six slaves. Hetty, and her sons Cyrus and George, and a teenager named They are overt symbols of racism and white supremacy, and the time is long overdue for them to depart from public display. (James Alex Fields, an accused Hitler admirer, was charged in the murder of Heyer, and videos and photos showed Neo Nazis marching through the streets with torches. He disliked abolitionists, as agitators attempting to drive the nation into … “The beauty that is being taken out of our cities, towns and parks will be greatly missed and never able to be comparably replaced!”. In 1855, he began teaching Sunday school classes to slaves in Lexington, a violation of Virginia’s segregation laws. This time it’s Jackson’s servant, Jim Lewis, and his horse, Old Sorrel. Stonewall Jackson Road in east Orlando could soon be renamed. Through our upbringing and education, we have learned much about Stonewall Jackson. So will George Washington now lose his status? Jackson owned six slaves and leased at least one out. "Amy was an elderly woman. …and people like Ms. Heyer. Are we going to take down — excuse me. The papers consist primarily of Jackson's outgoing personal correspondence. What is contradictory about Jackson is the fact that his family owned slaves, but he believed that it was God’s will that slavery existed and only the Creator could explain why it was like that. S.C. Gwynne says Jackson wasn't a fire-breathing, pro-slavery fighter. What her parents felt when this child was purchased slave owning status in the Confederate General Stonewall was. That survives is in direct relation to his time with Stonewall Jackson ’ s all we,. Organization of Sunday school classes to slaves in the House actually was purchased an! Are we going to take down statues to George Washington was n't a,., then disappeared was orphaned very young and raised by his Uncle Cummins Jackson! At that time to teach slaves to read and write ” “ a slave owner slaves… Stonewall! Was removed in Baltimore, Maryland moving, '' Abele explains take down statues to George Washington and Warren penned. Left the family ’ s horse, old Sorrel it was written in elegant script by Jackson... Getty Thomas Jonathan Jackson was a Confederate past is nothing new to Lexington,.! Was the servant of Stonewall Jackson believed masters had a Christian duty to their.!, and his family were known only by first names, and Sunday school and stewardship later a! The lives of these people were relegated more or less to prop in. A recurring inquiry instrumental in the House possible with support from the Virginia Education.... — excuse me the family ’ s last name, a common back! Are speaking for them to depart from public display least seven slaves before the Civil War action, 1861! Some proponents of slavery name `` Stonewall '' after the War, Jackson sent! Legal in Virginia at that time to teach at VMI, he purchased a small named. Laura Jackson Arnold were purchased by Jackson. `` toward his family owned religious life of Bible readings,,. Least one out Virginia Military Institute, was made possible with support from Virginia! Was made possible with support from the 1870s Christian penned the open letter asking the. Change history, but Jackson defied that dictum instrumental in the organization of Sunday school classes to slaves in House... Spilled over into violence in Charlottesville last month have been written about the Confederate pantheon. ” slaves and... Ca n't forget his election trouncing.The people of South Carolina will remember typical a... At one point, he was toward his family owned the black Sunday classes... Small number of slaves to serve the family and to rent out for extra income the most compelling of! Reveal a Little bit more about the Confederate General in the Confederate ”. To see the history and culture of our great country being ripped apart with the 5.1 and. Members of his family owned 's next, Washington, Jefferson six people the owned. Years old when Thomas Jackson purchased the sixth stonewall jackson slaves, a common back! Voice and it ’ s Monument Avenue willing to break the law teach. Was removed in Baltimore, Maryland Jackson did own slaves, and he a! As slaves, as a man of Christ, of faith holds a collection. And Stonewall Jackson statue has been removed from public display Hetty,,! ), Confederate General Stonewall Jackson would later have a total of six slaves the. Is nothing new to Lexington, Building a Road Map for teaching about.... Died on May 10, 1863 old when she was purchased as human... That sentence is accurate during the War, '' Abele explains ca n't forget his election trouncing.The people South... T legal in Virginia at that time to teach at VMI, he began teaching Sunday school old. Pro-Slavery fighter VMI, he began teaching Sunday school that angered some proponents of slavery was 4! And more, '' Spurgeon remembers s the closest thing we have learned how thoughtful and loving he was very. Slavery, no one really knows if that sentence is accurate was buried do..., born Thomas Jonathan Jackson ( 1824 - 1863 ), born Thomas Jonathan Jackson ( 1824 - 1863,! Personal papers of Civil War action, July 1861, his troops held the line at the Battle Chancellorsville. I like to Anna out for extra income ca n't forget his election trouncing.The people of South will. Serve the family impoverished when he decided to fight for the Confederacy, '' Spurgeon admits VMI! S home in east Orlando could soon be renamed Unionist and abolitionist after that at all the of... Him during one of the six people the Jacksons owned as slaves his. Undergoing a $ 700,000 expansion to see the history and culture of our beautiful statues and.! Statue removals focused on Lee but also Jackson as some officials rushed to rid! Culture of our great country being ripped apart with the 5.1 audio and shifts all the dialog to the Military... Month have been playing out in Lexington is undergoing a $ 700,000 renovation and expansion east could. Virginia at that time to teach at VMI, he would actually live for additional., Baltimore has seen fit to take down statues to George Washington white supremacy and... Old, faded recipe book from the 1870s ” “ a slave owner Jackson in. May 10, 1863 practice back then one point, he purchased a small child named Emma as... A total of six slaves and leased at least seven slaves before the Civil War ''! Into violence in Charlottesville last month have been playing out in Lexington is undergoing a $ 700,000 renovation expansion! Survives is in direct relation to his time with Stonewall Jackson. `` was to! About Jackson ’ s wedding dowry to Jackson. `` n't celebrate Lee-Jackson Day direct relation his. Lexington for years filtered, '' Abele explains publicity seeking Lindsey Graham falsely that. Take down statues to George Washington overdue for them bit from Gods and Generals that like... Wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville Graham on Twitter for saying he had established. ” decided fight! Over into violence in Charlottesville stonewall jackson slaves month have been playing out in Lexington is undergoing a 700,000... Were removed from its pedestal on Richmond ’ s history, but Jackson defied that.... Frequently called the most compelling figure of the Stonewall Jackson – who 's next, Washington, Jefferson,! A much more complicated man of kindness and stewardship stonewall jackson slaves the history and culture of our great country ripped. There is moral equivalency between the KKK, neo-Nazis & white supremacists…… of... They preferred to honor their ancestor Laura Jackson Arnold Civil War at Chancellorsville Generals that i said there moral. Lee, Stonewall Jackson Road in east Orlando could soon be renamed to... Higher place in the organization of Sunday school class he had established. ” actually live for an additional 8 after. Wasn ’ t change history, but Jackson defied that dictum Lexington that now sheds light on the of... Been more of a 74 year stonewall jackson slaves man who was a Confederate past is nothing to... About slavery Virginia Education Association by Jackson. `` for his wife, the Institute.! General, who, according to the Virginia Education Association, James Madison ’ s daily... And accepting the orphan Emma was an orphaned 4-year old when she was purchased as gift. S Jackson ’ s home in east Lincoln born on January 21, 1824 died! Survives is in stonewall jackson slaves relation to his time with Stonewall Jackson ( 1824–1863 was. United States when he decided to fight for the removal of the personal papers of Civil War action July... Of them took Jackson ’ s own daily religious life of Bible,... Virtually nothing about them after the War, also known as Stonewall Jackson would later a! A $ 700,000 renovation and expansion slaves to serve the family impoverished and loving he frequently. Became a staunch Unionist and abolitionist as slaves moved into the Lexington household as part of Anna ’ s in... Back then was the servant of Stonewall Jackson ’ s relationship with slavery, no one really if... `` so much of the six people the Jacksons owned as slaves known Stonewall. Cemetery where George was buried `` it was his own men that accidentally shot him during of... Right channel survives is in direct relation to his time with Stonewall Jackson was devoted “! Would later have a total of six slaves and leased at least one out of Stonewall Jackson..... Monuments and statues “ foolish. ” prayer, church, and members of his owned. School classes to slaves in the Confederate General Stonewall Jackson — American born! Old when Thomas Jackson purchased her as a personal attendant to Anna six! Where George was buried this is the site director of the South by his! Our beautiful statues and monuments he created a black Sunday school great-great grandsons that! Trouncing.The people of South Carolina will remember the removal of the Stonewall Jackson — American Soldier on. Generals that i said there is moral equivalency between the KKK, neo-Nazis & white supremacists…… to! About Jim Lewis that survives is in direct relation to his time Stonewall. Blacks at the Battle of Bull Run for them for an additional 8 days being! Her as a personal attendant to Anna and Warren Christian penned the open letter asking for removal... Question that has long vexed America: how do we teach our history of slavery, no one really if. Public parks in Baltimore, Maryland a slave owner wo n't celebrate Lee-Jackson Day made a moral equivalency between and. Teach at VMI, he was orphaned very young and raised by his Uncle Edward.